ROMAN PLACE NAMES TO MODERN NAMES

Updated 7 March 2014.

The English language versions are maintained.

A part of the content of this file is reproduced in English Roman Place names together with other Roman-English names.

Roman name
=
English name
Aballava
=
Burgh-by-Sands
Achaia
=
Greece, southern part, but not Peleponnes
Actium
=
Ambracia Gulf
Ad Ansam = Adansam
=
Higham
Adrianopel
=
Edirne
Aenaria
=
Ischia
Aequiculi
=
Italy, central part
Aesica
=
Great Chester
Aetolia
=
Greece, western part
Agisymba
=
Ethiopia, »where the rhinoceros is found«
Agrigentum
=
Girgenti, Sicily Italy
Alani
=
Russi, south eastern part
Alba Longa
=
Town by the lake Lacus Albanus 20 km south of Rome at Via Appia
Albanus Mons
=
Mount Cavo
Albion
=
United Kingdom
Albis
=
The river Elbe in Germany
Albus Flavus
=
Humber River, Britain
Alexandria
=
Al Iskandariyah
Allobroges
=
France, southern part
Ambitarvius
=
Koblenz, or the vicinity of
Ancyra
=
Ankara, Turkey
Andegavia
=
Anjou
Andegavis
=
Angers
Anderida Silva
=
Forest of the Weald in Kent, Britain
Anderida / Anderitum
=
Pevensey, Britain
Anio Fluvius
=
Aniene River
Antemnae
=
Town outside Rome
Antioch
=
Antakya
Antipolis
=
Antibes, France; also seen as Nice.
Antium
=
Anzio, S France
Apollonia
=
Albania, part of
Apulia
=
Puglia in southern Italy
Aquae Sextiae
=
Aix-en-Provence, France
Aquae Sulis
=
Bath, Britain
Aquincum
=
Budapest
Aquitania
=
France, southwestern part
Arausis
=
Orange
Arbeia
=
South Shields, Britain
Arcadia
=
Greece, Peleponnese
Arelas = Arelate
=
Arles
Argentoratum
=
Strassbourg
Ariminum
=
Rimini in Italy
Arverni
=
Auvergne
Asciburgium
=
Moers, Stadtteils Asberg, north of Düsseldorf on the Rhine.
Atrabatum
=
Arras
Augusta Treverorum
=
Trier
Augusta Vindelicorum
=
Augsburg
Auinyo
=
Avignon, France
Aventinus Mons
=
Aventino Hill, one of the seven hills in Rome
Babilonia
=
Cairo, Eypt
Baetica
=
Spain, southern part
Banna
=
Birdoswald
Bannovalium
=
Horncastle east of Lincoln, Britain
Barbaricum = Barbarikon
=
Karachi, near -, Pakistan,
Barchia
=
Barcelona, Aragonia, Spain
Baris
=
Bari, Italy
Barygaza
=
Bharuch = Broach by the Normada River estuary, India, 22° 30' N
Batavi
=
Germany, Rhine and Waal
Belgae (a)
=
Wiltshire and the area from Bath to Wight, Britain
Beneventum
=
Benevento
Betriacum
=
Italy, north of Po River, near Calvatone
Bibracte
=
Mont Beuvray, France (battle 52 BC)
Bibroci Atrebatis
=
Area from London towards Oxford and Cirencester, Britain
Bithynia
=
Turkey, north west part
Boderia Aestuaria
=
Firth of Forth, Britain
Boneuentum
=
Benevento
Bononia
=
Bologna, Italy
Bovillae
=
Italy, near Frattochie east of Rome
Branodunum
=
Brancaster, Britain
Bremetennacum Veteranorum
=
Ribchester north of Manchester, Britain
Brigantes
=
Yorkshire area, Britain
Brixellum
=
Brescello, Italy
Bructeri
=
Lippe-Ems, Germany - Holland
Brundisium
=
Brindisi, Italy
Burdigala
=
Bordeaux
Burrium
=
Usk in South Wales, Britain
Byzantium
=
Konstantinopel - Constantinople - Istanbul
Caelius Mons
=
Caelian Hill, one of the seven hills in Rome
Caesaromagus = Baromaci XII
=
Chelmsford, Britain
Caieta
=
Gaieta in Italy
Calabria
=
Puglia, south east Italy
Calaguris
=
Calahorra by Ebro River, Spain
Calleva Atrebatum
=
Silchester, Britain
Camboglanna
=
Castlesteads
Campania
=
Campania, the region south of Rome (Latium) to Naples
Camulodunum = Camoloduno V
=
Colchester, Britain
Canonium = Caunonio VIII
=
Kelvedon
Cantabria
=
Spain, north part Basque country towards Biscay
Cantiaci / cantii
=
The area Deal between London and Canterbury, Britain, roughly Kent
Cappadocia
=
Cappadocia, Turkey central part, Nevsehir Province
Capraea
=
Capri, Island of
Carnutum
=
Chartres, France
Carnuntum
=
Bad Deutsch-Altenburg in Austria, east of Vienna.
Carthage, Carthago
=
Africa, near La Marsa in Tunis
Carthago Nova
=
Cartagena, Spain
Carvetii
=
Area around Carlisle, Britain
Cassiterides
=
Scilly Islands or tin islands, England
Cataractonium
=
Catterick between York and Newcastle, Britain
Cattivellunni
=
Area including Cambridgeshire, Britain
Cauchi
=
Ems - Elbe River area
Causennae
=
Ancaster by the Wash, Britain
Cenabum
=
Orléans, France
Ceraunia Mons
=
Albania, mountain in south west
Chaldaea
=
Chaldæa in Kuwait - Arabia area
Chatti
=
Weser, upper part, Germany
cherronesus // chersonesus
=
peninsula; as appellative to place names; from Greek. Especially about two peninsulas:
The Crimean peninsula and the Thracian peninsula which is the northern isthmus along the Dardanelles.
Also of Jutland: Cimbrian chersonesos.
Cilicia
=
Turkey, south east part, Kukurowa
Cilurnum
=
Chesters in North England, Britain
Cimbria Chersonesus
=
Den jyske Halvø = Jutland peninsula
Cirte
=
Constantine in Tunis
Civitas Vangiones
=
Worms, on the left bank of the Rhine, Germany
Colonia = Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensis
=
Cologne = Kölln
Combretonium = Conuetoni XV
=
Baylham House, Coddenham
Concangium
=
Chester-le-Street, Britain
Confluentes
=
Koblenz
Corcyra
=
Corfu, Korfu
Corieltavi
=
Equivalent to Coritani, Britain
Corinium Dobunnorum
=
Cirencester, Britain
Coritani
=
Area south of York with Lincoln and towards Birmingham, Britain
Corstospitum
=
Corbridge by Hadrian's Wall, Britain
Crustomerium
=
Town 15 km outside Rome to the NE close to the Tiber river
Cunetio
=
Mildenhall south of Oxford, Britain
Cyrenaica
=
Shahhat, Libya
Cyrnos
=
Corsica
Dacia
=
Transylvania, approximately Romania - Rumænien.
Dalmatia
=
Adriatic Coast, former Yugoslavia
Damnonii
=
Cornwall and Devon, Britain
Danubius
=
Danube = Donau
Danum
=
Doncaster, Britain
Dardania
=
Serbia, part of
Dertosa
=
Tortosa, Spain Mediterranean coast
Derventio
=
Littlechester east of Birmingham, Britain
Derventio
=
Malton north east of York, Britain
Deva
=
Chester, Britain
Dictis
=
Wearmouth, Britain
Dioscorida
=
Socotra, island east of Somalia, Indian Ocean
Dubris
=
Dover, Britain
Durnovaria
=
Dorchester, Britain
Durobrivae Cantiacorum
=
Rochester, Britain
Durobrivae Catuvellorum
=
Water Newton in the Fenlands, Britain
Durocortorum
=
Rheims = Reims, France
Duroliponte
=
Cambridge, Britain
Durovernum Cantiacorum = Durauerus
=
Canterbury, Britain
Durovigutum
=
Godmanchester west of Cambridge, Britain
Eboracum = Eburacum
=
York, Britain
Egdor
=
Eider, Ejderen, Schleswig
Eleusis
=
Elefsis
Epirus
=
West Greece from the island Corfu stretching south to the Peleponnes.
Vestgræsk område fra Korfu mod syd til Peleponnes.
Etruria
=
Toscany, north Italy
Finibus
=
Somewhere west of Bodensee along the Rhine.
Florentia
=
Firenze, Florence, Italy
Frigmare ventus
=
Winchelsey, England, syd
Frisia
=
Frisia & Frisian islands
Fucine
=
Fucino lake, Italy
Gades = Gadeira
=
Cadiz, Spain
Galatia
=
Minor Asia, central part, Turkey
Galava
=
Ambleside, Britain
Gallia Cisalpina
=
Italy northern part
Gallia Narbonensis
=
Or Provincia - the southernmost part to the east in France along the Mediterranean Sea bordering to Liguria and in the west to the Pyrenees
Garriannum
=
Burgh Castle east of Norwich, Britain
Garumna
=
Garonne river in France with estuary through Bordeaux
Germania
=
Germany undefined east and north of the Rhine
Gesoriacum
=
Boulogne, France
Glevum
=
Gloucester, Britain
Glota Flavus
=
Clyde River, Scotland
Graecia
=
Greece, but mainly only covering the Peleponnes and adjacent islands
Hadrumetum
=
Sousse, Tunisia
Haga Comitis
=
Haag = Den Haag = 's Gravenhagen. Holland
Hebrus
=
Maritsa River
Hellespont
=
Dardanelles, Strait of
Helvetii
=
Switzerland - Schweiz
Hibernia
=
Ireland
Hierapolis
=
Anatolia, Turkey, SW of Hoyransøen, men også:
Membij, Syria by Euphrate, NE of Aleppo
Hierosolyma
=
Jerusalem
Hippo Regius
=
Annaba, North Africa
Hispania
=
Spain
Humbra
=
Humber
Hydaspes
=
Indus, river in Pakistan
Hydruntum
=
Otranto
Hyrcania Mare
=
Caspian Sea = Mare Caspium
Ianiculum
=
Janiculum Hill is not one of the seven hills. Janiculum is west of the Tiber river between Via Aureliua and Via Portuensis.
Iceni
=
Norfolk, Britain
Illyricum
=
Former Yugoslavian area
Isca Dumnoniorum = Iscadumnonioru
=
Exeter, Britain
Isca Silurum
=
Caerleon upon Usk in South Wales
Isca
=
Caerleon by Cardiff, Wales
Issurium Brigantum
=
Aldborough north of York, Britain
Ister = Hister = Istros
=
Danube, more precisely the lower part of the river from Illyria to Pontus Euxinus
Isurium Brigantum
=
Aldborough north of York, Britain
Ituna Aestuaria
=
Solway Firth, Scotland
Lactodurum
=
Towcester, Britain
Latium
=
Region Lazio in Italy, south of the Tiber and bordering south on Campania
Lavinium
=
Town 20 km south of Rome close to the coast
Lemanis = Lemauio
=
Lympne
Lemonum
=
Poitiers, France
Letocetum
=
Wall by Birmingham, Britain
Ligeris
=
Loire
Lindinis
=
Ilchester in Devon, Britain
Lindum
=
Lincoln, Britain
Londinium = Lundonium
=
London, Britain
Longovicium
=
Lanchester, Britain
Luguballum Caer Leul
=
Carlisle, Britain
Lugdunensis
=
France, central part around Lyons
Lugudunum - Lugdunum
=
Lyons
Luguvalium
=
Carlisle, Britain
Lusitania
=
Portugal and West Spain
Lutetia
=
Paris
Macedonia
=
Macedonia was in the classical times covereing from the Adriatic Sea towards east to the Aegean Sea north of the Achaia: the southern part of the Greek mainland.
Magiovinium
=
Dropshort north west of St Albans, Britain
Magnis
=
Kenchester in South Wales west of Gloucester, Wales
Maia
=
Bowness-on-Solway
Manavia
=
Isle of Man
Mancunium / Mamucium
=
Manchester, Britain
Manduessedum
=
Mancetter south of Birmingham, Britain
Mare Cantabricum
=
Bay of Biscay.
Mare Hadrianum
=
Adriatic Sea
Mare Internum
=
Mediterranean Sea
Mare Nostrum
=
Middelhavet = »Vores Hav«
Mare Tuscum
=
Tyrrhenian Sea. The part of the Mediterranean Sea between Italy, Corsica, Sardinia and Sicily. Sometimes called the Tuscanean Sea. The Sea along the Etrurian coast on Italian peninsula.
Margidunum
=
Castlehill north of Leicester, Britain
Maris Erythreai
=
Erythraean Sea. The sources do not agree on its original meaning. Some have it was the ancient term for the Red Sea, later and including the Greek it also contained the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. Others have that it was originally applied to the Indian Ocean and later to the Arabian Gulf and finally to the Red Sea.
Marsi
=
Italy, central part
Massilia, Gr.: Massalia
=
Marseilles, France
Mauretania
=
Morocco
Medeshamstede
=
Peterborough
Mediolanum
=
Milan = Milano
Mamphis
=
Egypt, city south of Cairo in classical times
Mesia
=
Serbia + Bulgaria NW
Mesopotamia
=
Iraq
Messana
=
Messina, Sicily
Metaris Aestuaria
=
The Wash, Britain
Mevania
=
Bevagna, town in Tuscany south
Miletus
=
Yeniköy, Turkey
Moesia
=
Bulgaria, Greece, landscape - Møsien
Mogontiacum
=
Mainz
Mona
=
Anglesey (both Isle of Man and Anglesey are called Mona), Britain
Mona
=
Isle of Man - see also Manavia
Monkchester (eng.)
=
Newcastle, Britain [Knowles - Monastic p.167]
Mons Apenninius
=
Apennines
Moricambe Aestuaria
=
Morecambe Bay, Britain
Moridunum = Ridumo XV
=
Carmarthen in South Wales
Place near Sidmouth?
Mutina
=
Modena, Italy
Mylae
=
Milazzo
Naissus
=
Nisk in Moesia, Balkan
Narbo
=
Narbonne, France
Narbonensis, Gallia Narbonensis
=
France, southern part
Naulochus
=
Venetico, Sicily east
Navio
=
Brough on Noe in Derbyshire, Britain
Nemausus
=
Nîmes, France
Nerulum
=
Rotonda, South Italy
Nomentum
=
Mentana, north east of Rome
Noricum
=
Austrian - Slovenian landscape
Norwagia
=
Norway = Norge
Noviomagus Regnensium
=
Chichester, Britain
Novum Comum
=
Como, Italy
Oceanus Britannicus
=
Channel = English Channel
Oceanus Germanicus
=
North Sea
Oceanus Hibernicus
=
Irish Sea
Oceanus Vergivius
=
Saint George Channel and Celtic Sea between Wales / Cornwall and Ireland
Orcades
=
Orkney Islands
Ordovices
=
Area in Wales from Snowdown towards south east, Wales
Padus
=
Po
Palatium
=
Palatine Hill in Rome, one of the seven hills of Rome. See Rome.
Palus Maeotis
=
Sea of Azov = Azovske Hav
Pandataria
=
Pantellaria
Pannonia
=
Hungarian - Yugoslavian landscape
Panormus
=
Palermo
Parisi
=
Area around Middlesborough, Britain
Parthia
=
Mostly Iran but sometimes also a part of Iraq
Patavium
=
Padova, Italy
Pavia
=
Pavia
Pennocrucum
=
Water Eaton by Birmingham, Britain
Pergamum
=
Bergamo
Perusia
=
Perugia, Italy
Petuaria
=
Brough on Humber, Britain
Pharmacussa
=
Island close to the Turkish coast by Milesus
Pharsalus
=
Palaiopharsalos, Inner Greece
Philippi
=
Macedonia, Greece near Dhoxaton
Philippopdis
=
Plovdiv
Picenum
=
Italy, Marche and Abruzzi
Pisidia
=
Pisidia region in the southern part of Turkey north of the coast area of Lycia. Northeast of Rhodes.
Placentia
=
Piacenza
Pons Aelius
=
Newcastle, earlier also = Monkchester, Britain (Knowles p.167)
Pontia
=
Ponza, island between Rome and Naples
Pontus
=
Turkish province along Black Sea south coast
Pontus Euxinus
=
Black Sea
Portus Dubrae
=
Dover, Britain
Portus Lemanis
=
Lymne / Lympne south west of Dover, Britain
Portus Magnus
=
Porchester, Britain
Poseidonia
=
Paestum, S of Naples
Praeneste
=
Palestrina east of Rome
Provincia
=
Provence
Quirilinalis
=
The Quirinalean Hill in Rome. See Rome.
Raetia
=
Danube River, south of upper part
Ratae Corieltavorum
=
Leicester, Britain
Reculbium / Regulbium
=
Reculver at the coast north of Canterbury, Britain
Reggium Lepidum
=
Reggio
Remis
=
Reims
Renus
=
Rhine
Rha
=
Volga, Russia
Rhegium
=
Reggio di Calabria
Rhenus
=
The Rhine. Also spelt "Renus".
Rhodanus
=
Rhone, France
Roma
=
Rome.The seven hills of Rome are:
Quririnalis = Quirinal Hill - to the north
Viminalis = Viminal Hill - to the NE
Esquilinus = Esquiline Hill - to the E
Caelius = Caelian Hill - to the SE
Aventinus = Aventine Hill - to the SW
Capitolinus = Capitoline Hill - to the W
Palatinus = Palatine Hill - in the middle
Rotomagus
=
Rouen
Rubicon / Rubico
=
Pisciatello, uncertain translation for river on Italy east coast approx. Rimini - Ravenna
Rutupice / Rutupiae = Ratupis
=
Richborough by Margate, Britain
Sabatia
=
Savona, Italien
Sabines
=
Italy, Lazzio northern part
Sabrina
=
Severn
Salinae
=
Droitwich north of Stratford, Britain
Salinae
=
Middlewich east of Chester, Britain
Salassi
=
Val d'Aosta
Samarobriva
=
Amiens, France
Samnites
=
Italy,landscape central part
Samotra Insula
=
Sumatra, Indonesia
Sanctepulcia
=
Jerusalem, Israel
Sardica
=
Sofia
Saxonia
=
Saxony
Scoti
=
Northern Ireland (shown on the north east point)
Secana
=
Seine
Segedunum
=
Wallsend, Britain
Segontium
=
Caernarvon North Wales
Sequana
=
Seine river in France
Sexta
=
York, Britain
Silurres
=
Wales - the southerly mountains towards the Severn.
Singidunum
=
Belgrade, Beograd
Sinus Arabicus
=
Red Sea, Gulf of Arabia
Sinus Codanus
=
The Baltic Sea
Smyrna
=
Izmir
Surrentum
=
Sorrento, Italy
Syrtis Major
=
Gulf of Sidra = Joun al Kabrit
Tamisia
=
Thames
Tanais
=
Don, river in Russia
Taprobane
=
Ceylon, Sri Lanka
Tarentum
=
Taranto
Tarraco
=
Tarragona, Spain
Tergeste
=
Trieste
Terra Corterealis
=
Newfoundland / Labrador (kort 1502)
Terra Laboratoris
=
Grønland (kort 1504)
Tiberis
=
Tevere, Tiber river through Rome.
Tibur
=
Tivoli, Italy
Tina Flavus
=
Tyne River, Britain
Tolosa
=
Toulouse, France
Tracia
=
Thrace
Trebia
=
Trevi
Trinovantes
=
Suffolk, Britain
Tripontium
=
Caves Inn, Britain
Troglodytes
=
Afrca East Coast from Bab el Mandeb to ca. Zanzibar
Troy, Troya
=
Hisarlik, Turkey
Tvscia
=
Tuscany
Typus Tartariens
=
Djengis Khans rige / Sibirien
Uxacona
=
Red Hill south of Birmingham, Britain
Uxelodunum
=
Stanvix
Vectis Insulae
=
Isle of Wight, Britain
Venta Belgarum
=
Winchester, Britain
Venta Icenorum
=
Caistor in Norfolk, nearby Norwich, Britain
Caister St. Edmund
Venta Silurum
=
Caerwent in South Wales near the eastuary of the Severn, Wales
Venta
=
Caerwent by Severn near Tintern, Wales
Venusia
=
Venosa, S. Italy
Verlucio
=
Sandy Lodge south east of Bath, Britain
Verulamium
=
Saint Albans, Britain
Vienna
=
Vienne
Vigornia
=
Worcester. Vigorniensis = of Worcester.
Viminalis
=
Viminal Hill in Rome. See Rome.
Vindelici
=
Area from Alps to Danube
Vindobona
=
Wien
Vindolanda
=
Chesterholm, Britain
Viriconium Cornoviorum
=
Wroxeter, Britain
Wallia
=
Wales
Winconia
=
Winchester
 
Jørgen Marcussen


  Opdateret d. 5.3.2017 Retur til  toppen af siden.
Retur til  oversigten Retur til hjemmesidens  forside