Hungarian Princes, Kings and Rulers

Updated 1 May 2012.

Ungarn var indtil år 1000 styret af fyrster med lavere titler end konge. Den første konge var Stephen, der havde styret som hertug fra 997. Stephen var af magyarslægten Arpad, der var et nomadefolk fra stepperne mellem Don og Donau. De var kaldt til hjælp af kong Arnulf af Kärnten fra omkring 890. Slægtens første fyrster var Akmus † 896c. og sønnen Arpad, 896-907, dennes søn Zsolt, 907-947, dennes søn Taksony, 947-972 og dennes søn Geza, 972-997, der er Stephans far. Slægten Arpad forblev ungarnske fyrster og konger til 1301.

Abbreviations used::
b = brother of, d = daughter of, m = married to (year), s = son of,
gs = grandson of, ggs = great grandson; † = died; ‡ = buried.

No. Born Ruled King's name and relations
Queen's name and relations
010 977 997-1038 Stephen I = Saint Stephen = Stefan I den Hellige;
* 977; † 15/8 1038; s Geza whom he followed. Born as Vajk; canonized 1083, feast day 2/9 or 20/8 when his relics were transferred to Buda;
King from 1000, crowned 25/12 1000. Traditionally he got his crown from pope Sylvester II;

Gisela; * 985; m 996; † 1060; d Duke Henry II of Bavaria; = Heinrich der Zänker = Heinrich II von Böhmen;
children:
   Hedwig; m Edmund s of Edmund Ironside;
   Agatha; m Edward Atheling;
020 - 1038-1041 Peter Orseolo;
s of Stephen's (010) sister Maria m to Duke Orseolo di Venezia; Peter's first rule;
030 - 1041-1044 Samuel Aba;
Husband of d of Geza, 947-972;
040 - 1044-1046 Peter Orseolo;
s of Stephen's (010) sister Maria m to Duke Orseolo di Venezia; Peter's second rule;
050 - 1046-1060 Andrew I = Andreas I;
ggs of Zsolt, 907-947; brother to Bela (060);

Anastasia; d Grossfürst Jaroslav of Kiev, 987-1059, and Ingegerd (Anna) d of Olav Skötkonung of Sweden;
child:
   Juditha;
   Salomon (070); † 1074;
060 - 1060-1063 Bela I;
ggs of Zsolt, 907-947; father was Wazul; brother to Andrew I (050);

Richesa of Poland; d King Mieszko II Lambert (PI-03);
children:
   Geza I (080);
   Ladislas I (090);
   Almos; who became father to (120);
070 - 1063-1074 Salomon;
s (050);

Sophia Judith of Heinrich III of Germany;
After she was widowed she m(2) King Vladislav of Poland (PI-8);
080 - 1074-1077 Geza I = Gesa I = Geisa;
s (060); brother to (090);

child:
   Koloman (100);
090 1040 1077-1095 Ladislas I = Ladislaus I = Laszlo I;
Ladislaus den Hellige;
s (060); * 1040; † 1095;

child:
   Piriska = Irene; m Johannes II Komnenos;
100 - 1095-1116 Koloman = Carloman;
s(080); † 1114 or 1116

Busilla = Pusilla; m(1); d Roger I of Sicily (Norm.020-2);
child :
1.   Stephen II (110);
2.   Adelheid;
   m Sobieslav I of Bohemia; † 1140;

Fredslawa = Sofia = Eufemia; m(2); 1112; d Great Prince of Kiev, Vladimir Monomakh;
Adulterous queen, divorced after som months; son born in Kiev;
child :
3.   Borics = Boris; * 1112; not acknowledged;
110 - 1116-1131 Stephen II = Stefan II;
s (100);
120 - 1131-1141 Bela II = Bela II den Blinde;
s of Koloman's (100) brother;

Hedvig; d Otto of Freising;
children: - the line is in some genealogoies unconnected here only showing Bela II having two daughters; the one, Margarete married to Emperor Isaac II Angelus and the other, unnamed, m to Friedrich V von Schwaben;

1.   Geza II (130);
2.   Ladislas II (150);
3.   Stephen IV (160);
4.   Hedvig;
   m Adalbert; got s Agnes von Büren;
5.   Constance; * c. 1180; † 06/12 1240;
   m c. 1198; King Premysl I Otakar;
130 1130 1141-1162 Geza II;
* 1130 c.; † 31/05 1162;

Euphrosyne; * 1130; m 1146; † between 1186 and 1193; d Mstislav Harald of Kiev;
children :
1.   Stephen III (140);
2.   Bela III (170);
3.   Elisabeth; † after 12/01 1190;
   m after 1157 Duke Friedrich of Bohemia (Boh. 290); 4.   Géza; * 1150 c.; † before 1210;
    m c. 1190 a Byzantium Princess;
5.   Árpád; died young;
6.   Erzsébet; * 1144; † after 12/01 1190;
   m c. 1157 King Friedrich of Bohemia; * 1142 c.; † 25/05 1189;
7.   Odola = Adela;
   m 1164 Svatopluk of Bohemia; † after 15/10 1169;
8.    Ilona = Helene; * 1157 or 1158; † 25/05 1199;
   m 1172 Duke Leopold V of Austria; * 1157; † 31/12 1194;
9.   Margit; * 1162;
   m(1) c.. 1177 Isaac Macrodukas;
   m(2): András, Obergespan of Somogy;
140 - 1162-1172 Stephen III = Stefan III;
s(130); * 1147; † 04/03 1172;
Ruled together with the brothers Ladislas II, 1162-1163, and Stephen IV, 1163-1165;

Agnes of Austria; * 1154 c.; her m(1) 1168; † 13/01 1182; d Henry II Jasomirgott;
150 - 1162-1163 Ladislas II;
s (120); ruled together with Stephen III (140) 1162-1163;
160 - 1163-1165 Stephen IV = Stefan IV;
s(120);
170 - 1172-1196 Bela III;
s(130);

Agnes von Chatillon; m(1); d Constance of Antioch;
children:
   Emeric (180);
   Andrew II (200);

Margrethe of France; m(2) 1186; d (006-3.) Louis VII of France;
no children;
180 - 1196-1204 Emeric =Emmerik;
s(170);

Konstance; d of Alfonso II of Aragon; m(1); her second marriage was to emperor Friedrich II of Germany;
child :
   Ladislas III (190);
190 - 1204-1205 Ladislas III;
s(180);
200 - 1205-1235 Andrew II = Andreas II = Andreas der Hierosolymitaner;
s(170); * 1176; † 21/9 1235;

Gertrud of Merano; † 1213; m(1);
children :
   Bela IV (210);
   Elisabeth = St. Elisabeth of Hungary; m to Ludwig IV, landgrave of Thuringia;
   Stephanus Posthumus; father to Andrew III (240);

Yolande de Courtenay; * c. 1194; † 1233; m(2) 1215;
210 1206 1235-1270 Bela IV;
s(200); * 1206; † 3/5 1270;
King of Hungary from 1235;
King of Croatia from 1235;

Maria Laskarina; d Emperor Theodore I Lascaris of Nicaea;
children in all 2 sons and 7 daughters:
  1.   Kunigunde; * 1224; † 24/7 1292;
     m 1239 Prince Boleslav V of Cracow and Sandomir 1226-1279;
  2.   Margaret the Elder; * 1220 c.; † 1242;
     m c. 1240 William of St. Omer and Thebes;
  3.   Anna; * 1226; † c. 1270;
     m 1243 Prince Rotislav of Chernigov & Tsar of Bulgaria;
  4.   Katalin; * c. 1229; † 1242;
  5.   Elisabeth; * 1236; † 24/10 1271;
     m 1250 Duke Henry XIII of L. Bavaria 1235-1290;
  6.   Constance; * 1237; † ?;
     m King Lev of Halicz, 1228-1301;
  7.   Ilona; * 1244; † 1298;
     m 1250 c. Prince Boleslav of Poland, 1221-1279 c.;
  8.   Stephen V (220);
  9.   Margaret = St. Margaret of Hungary; * c. 1242; † 1270;
     canonized in 1943; abbess and called The Younger;
10.   Bela, Duke of Alavonia, Croatia and Dalmatia; * 1243; † c. 1292;
220 1239 1270-1272 Stephen V = Stephan V Istvan;
s(210); * 1239; † 6/8 1272;

Elisabeth; * 1240; † c. 1290; a Cuman princess; m 1253 or 1255;
children :
1.   Ladislas IV (230);
2.   Andreas von Slavonien;
3.   Maria; † 1323;
     m King Charles II of Naples / Anjou, 1254-1309;
4.   Anna; † 1281;
    m 1273 Emperor Andronikos II of Byzantium;
230 - 1272-1290 Ladislas IV = Ladislaus IV der Kumaner;
s(220);

Elisabeth of Anjou; d Charles I of Naples;
no children;
240 - 1290-1301 Andrew III = Andreas III;
gs(200); father was Stephanus Posthumus;
The crown was seized by Charles I (270), but he was forced to surrender it the same year to Vaclav V (250);

Agnes; * 18/05 1281, m 1296; † 10/06 1364; later widowed and prioress at Königfelden.
d Albert I of Austria (Germ. 033);
child :
1.   daughter; mother to Ladislaus V = Wenzel III of Bohemia, 1289-1306;
250 1289 1301-1304 /-1305 Vaclav V = Wenceslas III of Bohemia = Vencel = Wnzel III;
gs Andreas III (240); * 06/10 1289; † 04/08 1306, assassinated;
King of Hungary from 1301;
Crowned 27/08 1301;
Vaclac V transferred the crown to Otto 09/10 1305 (260);
King of Bohemia from 1305;
King of Poland from 1305;
Margrave of Moravia from 1305;
260 - 1305-1308 Otto Duke of Lower Bavaria;
A relative - a sister's son - to Stephen V (220);
See German connections here: Otto III;
King of Hungary from 1305;
Duke of Lower Bavaria from 1290 as Otto III;

Otto was taken prisoner by the Hungarians and Charles (270) was again appointed king;
270 1288 1308-1342 Charles Robert of Anjou = Carlo I Roberto von Ungarn und Polen = Karoly Robert;
s Carlo Martel of Anjou-Naples (Napl. N13-1a), † 1295, and Clemencia, d of Emperor Rudolf I of Germany.
Carlo Martel's father was King Charles II of Naples, and his wife Maria, was d of Stephen V (220);
* 1288 in Naples; † 16/07 1342;
1301 he was forced to surrender the crown to Wenceslas of Bohemia right after he had been crowned.
He got the crown back and was crowned again 27/08 1310 after Otto (260) was captured by the Hungarians;

Maria of Halicz; m(1)

Maria of Silesia-Beuthen; m(2); † 15/12 1315;

Beatrix of Luxembourg; m(3); * 1305; † m 00/11 1318; 11/11 1319; d Emperor Heinrich VII;
Died in chilcbirth;

Elisabeth; * 1305; m(4) 06/07 1320; † 29/12 1380; d King Vladislav I the Dwarf of Poland;
children :
1.   Charles; * 1321; † 1321;
2.   Ladislaus; * 01/11 1324; † 24/02 1329;
3.   Louis I the Great (280);
4.   Andrew; † 19/09 1345 murdered by wife (Naples);
     m to 1343 Queen Johanna I Bohemia or Joanna of Naples (Naples N15) or (Norman 061); * 1326; † 22/05 1382;
5.   Stephen, Duke of Transylvania etc.; * 26/12 1332; † 09/08 1354;
   m 23/01 1351 Margareta of Bavaria; * 1325; † 1374; d Emperor Louis IV;
6.   Catharine; † 1355 c.
   m 1338 Duke Henry II of Schweidnitz; † 1343 c.
7.   Elisabeth;
280 1326 1342-1382 Louis I the Great = Ludwig I der Grosse = Louis of Anjou = Lajos I;
s(270); * 05/03 1326; † 10/09 1382;
King of Hungary from 1342;
King of Poland from 1370;

Margaret of Luxembourg; * 24/05 1335; m(1) 03/08 1342; † 07/09 1349; d Emperor Charles IV;

Elizabeth of Bosnia; * 1340 c. m(2) 20/06 1353; † 1387;
children :
1.   Marie; * 1365; † 1366;
2.   Catherine; * 00/07 1366; † 1377;
3.   Maria, Queen of Hungary (290);
4.   Gadwiga = Hedwig; * 1370 or 15/02 1372; † 17/07 1399;
   m 18/02 1386 King Wladislaw II, 1348-1434;
290 - 1382-1395 Maria of Hungary;
d(280); † 1392;
Charles III (Norm. 254) was declared King of Hungary 1385 and murdered 1386;

Emperor Sigismund; German emperor (300); and
   as King of Bohemia;
child :
1.   Elisabeth;
   m King Albrecht II, 1397-1439, (310);
300 - 1387-1437 Sigismund of Luxemburg;
Sigismund ruled together with his wife, Maria, and after she died, he rules alone;
Ladislaus (Norm. 062) got himself crowned King of Hungary 1403 and was deposed by Sigismund;
Maria; † 1395; = (290);
child :
   Elisabeth;
   m King Albrecht II, 1397-1439, (310);
310 - 1437-1439 Albert II of Germany;
s(290) + (300); King of Hungary 01/01 1438;
King of Bohemia 29/06 1438;
Emperor of Germany from 1437;

Elisabeth; m(1); she m(2) to Wladislaw V of Bohemia = III of Poland (320);
child :
1.   Ladislas V (330);
320 - 1440-1444 Vladislas Jagiellon = Vladislas Jagiellon VI of Poland = Ulaszlo I;
King of Poland from 1434;
King of Hungary from 17/07 1440;

Elisabeth = Elisabeth from (310), her second marriage;
330 - 1444-1457 Ladislas V = Ladislaus V Posthumus;
s (310);
no children;
340 1443 1458-1490 Matthias Corvinus = Matthias Hunyady the Just;
s Johannes Hunyadi; * 23/2 1443; † 6/4 1490;
King of Hungary and Croatia from 20/01 1458, as Matthias I;
He was elected king by aristocrats 24/01 1458;
Crowned 29/03 1464;
King of Bohemia from 1469;
Duke of Austria from 1486;

Matthias was original married as a child to Elisabeth of Cilli. However, she died 06/11 1455 when 15 before the marriage was consummated with the 12 year old Matthias;

Catherine; m(2) 01/05 1461; † 08/03 1464; d George Podebrad of Bohemia;
Died in childbirth with stillborn son;


Beatrice of Naples; * 1457; m(3) 1476, her first m; † 1508; d Ferdinand I;
350 - 1490-1516 Vladislav II Jagiellon of Bohemia = Alaszlo;
bs(320); father: Casimir IV of Poland; * 1/3 1456; † 13/3 1516;
King of Hungary from 1490;
Crowned 18/09 1490;
King of Bohemia from 1471;
King of Croatia from 1490;

Barbara; m(1) 20/08 1476, div. 07/04 1500; d Elector Albrecht Achilles of Brandenburg;

Beatrice of Naples; * 1457; m(2) 04/10 1490; div. 1500; † 1508; d Ferdinand I; her 2nd m;

Anne de Fox; * 1484; m(3); † 26/07 1506;
children :
1.   Louis II (360);
2.   Anne; * 23/07 1503; † 27/01 1547;
   m 25/05 1521 Emperor Ferdinand I of Habsburg; * 10/03 1503; † 25/07 1564;
360 - 1516-1526 Louis II of Hungary and Ludvik of Bohemia;
s (350); * 01/07 1506; † 29/08 1526;
Louis was defeated and killed by the Turks in the battle of Mohacs, August 1526; his brother-in-law took over the throne;
King of Bohemia from 1516;
King of Hungary from 1516 as Lajos II;
Crowned 04/06 1508;
King of Croatia from 1516;

Marie of Flanders; * 15 or 17/09 1505; m 13/01 1522; † 18/10 or December 1558; d Philip I of Germany;
no children ;
370 - 1526-1540 John Zapolya;
* 1487; † 22/07 1540;
King of Hungary from 1526;

Isabella = Elisabeth of Poland; * 18/01 1519; m 23/02 1539; † 15/09 1559; d Sigismund the Old od Poland;
child :
1.   John Sigismund Zapolya; * 1540; † 1571;
When father died, mother Elisabeth acted as regent for her son. However, she had to flee in 1541 and became Duschess of Oppeln and Ratibor until she died.
380 - 1526-(1564) Ferdinand I of Germany;
s Philip I of Germany; brother of Charles I (390); brother of Queen Mary (360);
390 1500 1516-1556 Charles I of Castile and Aragon = Charles V of Holy Roman Empire.
Abdicated 23/8 1556 or 7/7 1556 the imperial crown; had already 25/10 1555 abdicated the Netherlands;

Isabella of Portugal, * 1503, m 1526, † 1539; d King Manuel I of Portugal;
children:
1.   Philip II of Spain, (147) * 21/5 1527, † 13/9 1598;
     m Mary of England;
2.   Mary of Spain, * 21/6 1528, m 1548, † 26/2 1603; m Maximilian II, 1527-1576, (049);
3.   Isabella of Spain, * 1529, † 1529;
4.   Ferdinand of Spain, * 1530, † 1530;
5.   Juana of Spain, * 24/6 1537, m 1552, † 7/9 1573; m Prince John of Portugal, 1537-1554;
6.   Juan of Spain, * 1538, † 1538;
7.   Ferdinand, * 1539, † 1539;

Born outside wedlock by:
Johanna van der Gheenst:
8.   Margaret of Parma = Margaret of Austria, * 1521/1522, † 18/1 1586;
     Governor general of the Netherlands 1559-1567;
     m(1) 1536 Alessandro de Medici, Duke of Florence, * 1510, † 1537;
     m(2) 1538 Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, 1524-1586, duke from 1547,
     child of m(2):
     Alessandro Farnese.

9.   John of Austria, * 24/2 1547, † 1/10 1578; mother unknown to me.
400 1552 - Rudolf I
* 18/7 1552; † 20/1 1612;
Crowned King of Hungary 1572 as Rudolf I;
Holy Roman Emperor 12/10 1576;
King of Bohemia 1575 as Rudolf II;
Archduke of Austria 1576 as Rudolf V;
no children; mentally unstable;
410 1557 1608-1619 Matthias II
s 049; * 24/2 1557; † 20/3 1619;
Holy Roman Emperor 13/6 1612 as Matthias;
King of Bohemia from 1611;

Anna of Tyrol, * 1585, m 1611, † 1618;
no children;
412 1578 1619-1637 Ferdinand II;
gs(Bohemia 560); * 06/07 1578, † 15/02 1637;
King of Bohemia from 29/06 1617;
Emperor of Germany from 28/08 1619;
King of Hungary from 01/07 1618 or 1619;

Maria Anna of Bavaria; * 1574, m(1) 1600, † 1616; d William the Pious;
children :
1.   Christina, * 25/05 1601, † 210/6 1601;
2.   Karl, * 25/05 1603, † 25/05 1603;
3.   Johann Karl, * 01/11 1605, † 26/12 1619;
4.   Ferdinand III, (Bohemia 630); * 13/07 1608, † 02/04 1657;
5.   Maria Anna, * 1610, m 1635, † 1665;
   m Maximilian of Bavaria;
6.   Cecilia Renata, * 1611, † 1644;
   m 1637 King Ladislaus IV of Poland;
7.   Leopold William, * 1614, † 1652; became regent of the Netherlands;

Eleonora Gonzaga; * 1598, m(2) 1622, † 1655;
no children;
420 1633 1646-1654 Ferdinand;
s(Germany 053); * 08/09 1633; † 09/07 1654, died of smallpox;
King of Hungary from 16/06 1647;
King of Bohemia from 05/08 1646;
King of Germany (Germany 053a) from 24/5 1653 as Ferdinand IV, crowned in Regensburg;
430 - - Franz Joseph;
* 18/8 1830; † 21/11 1916; Emperor of Austria;
King of Hungary

Elisabeth of Bavaria; * 1837; m 1854; † 1898;
children :
1.   Sophie; * 5/3 1855; † 29/5 1857;
2.   Gisela; * 12/7 1856; † 27/7 1932; m 1873 Prince Leopold of Bavaria, 1846-1930;
3.   Rudolf; * 21/8 1858; † 30/1 1889; Crown Prince, committed suicide;
     m 1881 Stephanie of Belgium, 1864-1945; the couple got a daughter, Elisabeth, 1883-1963, who
     m(1) Prince Otto zu Windischgrätz, 1873-1952; they divorced 1902 and she
     m(2) 1948 Leopold Petzneck, 1881-1956;
4.   Marie Valerie; * 22/4 1868; † 6/9 1924; m 1890 Franz Salvator, 1866-1939;
440 1887 1887-1922 Karl I = Charles I;
* 17/8 1887; † 1/3 1922;

Zita de Bourbon-Parma; * 1892; m 1911; † 1989;
children:
1.   Otto; * 20/11 1912; m 1951; † ?; Dr. Otto von Habsburg; m Regina von Saxe-Meiningen, 1925-;
2.   Adelheid; * 3/1 1914; † 2/10 1971;
3.   Robert of Austria-Este; * 8/2 1915; † 7/2 1996;
4.   Felix; * 31/5 1916; † ?;
5.   Carl Ludwig; * 10/3 1918; † ?;
6.   Rudolf of Austria; * 5/9 1919; † ?;
7.   Charlotte of Austria; * 21/3 1921; † 23/7 1989;
8.   Elisabeth of Austria; * 31/5 1922; † ?;



Opdateret d. 11.11.2015.
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