Regents and Rulers of the Netherlands / Holland
Lower Lorraine and Brabant

Updated 5 November 2009.

I perioden fra 1384 til selvstændigheden i 1830 blev Holland regeret af og under et antal fremmede magter:

Abbreviations used:
b = brother of, d = daughter of, m = married to (year), s = son of,
gs = grandson of, ggs = great grandson; † = died; ‡ = buried.

 
Lower Lorraine and Brabant
 
No. Ruled Ruler's name and relations
Spouse's name and relations
010 920-??? Dirk I;
Father was Gerulf of Friesland;
Count of Holland from ca. 920;

child :
1.   Dirk II (020)
020 939-988
or
940-988
Dirk II of West-Friesland;
s(010) or of a son of (010); * ca. 930; † 6/5 988;
Count of Holland from ca. 940;

Hildegard of Flanders; † 10/4 990; d Arnulf I of Flanders;
children :
1.   Arnulf (030) ;
2.   Egbert; † 993; Archbishop Trier;
3.   Herlinde; abbess of Egmont and Bennebrock;
030 988-993 Arnulf of West-Friesland;
s(020); * ca. 955; † 18/9 993; killed in battle on Maas;
Count of Holland from 988;

Liutgard of Luxemburg; * ca. 962; † 14/5 1005; m 980;
children :
1.   Dirk III (040);
2.   Aleida; not confirmed;
040 993-1039 Dirk III = Dirk Hierosolymita;
s(030); * ca. 985; † 27/5 1039;
Count of Holland from 993;

Othelindis; * ca. 993; † 9/3 1044; d Margrave Bernhard I of the Nordmark;
children :
1.   Dirk IV (050);
2.   Floris (060);
3.   Bertrada; m Dietrich I of Katlenburg, † 1056;
050 1039-1049 Dirk IV;
s(040); † 1049; in battle of Dordrecht;
Count of Holland from 1039;
060 1049-1061 Floris I;
s(040); * ca. 1017; † 28/6 1061; murdered;
Count of Holland from 1049;

Gertrud of Saxony; * ca. 1030; † 4/8 1113; m ca. 1050;
children :
1.   Dirk V (090);
2.   Albrecht; canon;
3.   Floris; canon;
4.   Peter; canon;
5.   Bertha; * ca. 1055; † 1094;
     m 1072 King Philippe I of France; repudiated 1092;
6.   Mechtild;
7.   Adela Christina; † 1085; not confirmed
070 1061-1071 Robert I = Robert I of Flanders;
Count of Holland from 1061;
080 1071-1076 Godfrey = Godfrrey V of Lower Lorraine;
Count of Holland from 1071;
090 1076-1091 Dirk V;
s(060); * ca. 1052; † 17/6 1091;
Count of Holland from 1076;

Othelindis of Saxony; * ca. 1054; † 18/11 1123 or 1128; m ca. 1083;
child :
1.   Floris II (100);
100 1091-1122 Floris II;
s(090); * ca. 1085; † 2/3 1121;
Count of Holland from 1091;

Gertrude Petronella of Alsace; * ca. 1086; † 24/5 1144; m 1113; d Duke Dietrich II of Upper Lothringia;
children :
1.   Dirk VI (110);
2.   Floris the Black; † 1132 in battle;
3.   Simon; canon;
4.   Hedwig; † 1132; nun;
110 1122-1157 Drik VI;
s(100); * ca. 1114; † 5/8 1157;
Count of Holland from 1157;

Sophie of Luxemburg; * ca. 1117; † 26/9 1176; m ca. 1137;
children :
1.   Floris III (120);
2.   Dirk; * 1139; † 1151;
3.   Otto I of Bentheim;
     m Alveradis of Arnsberg;
4.   Baldwin; † 1196; bishop of Utrecht;
5.   Dirk; † 1197; bishop of Utrecht;
6.   Robert; † 1190;
7.   Sophie; † 1200; abbess;
120 1157-1190 Floris III;
s(110); * ca. 1141; † 1/8 1190;
Count of Holland from 1157;

Ada of Scotland; † ca. 1204; m 28/8 1162; d David I of Scotland;
children :
1.   Dirk VII (130);
2.   William I (140);
3.   Floris; † 1210; canon;
4.   Baldwin; † 1204;
5.   Ada; † ca. 1205;
     m 1176 Margrave Otto I of Brandenburg; † 1184;
6.   Margaret; † ca. 1203;
     m 1182 Count Dietrich IV of Cleves; † 1193;
7.   Elizabeth;
8.   Hedwig;
9.   Agnes; † 1228; abbess at Rijnsburg;
130 1190-1203 Dirk VII;
s(120); † 1203;
Count of Holland from 1190;

Adelaide of Cleves; m 1186;
children :
1.   Aleidis; † 1203;
2.   Ada; * ca. 1188; † 1203 or 1227;
     m 1203 Count Ludwig of Looz and Holland;
140 1203-1222 William I;
s(120); * ca. 1167; † 4/2 1222;
Count of Holland from 1203;

Maria of Brabant; † 1260; m 1220; d Henry I of Brabant;
children :
1.   Floris V (150);
2.   Otto; † 1249; Bishop of Utrecht; regent of Holland 1238-1239;
3.   William; † 1238; regent of Holland 1234-1238;
4.   Richarde; † 1262;
5.   Ada; † 1258; abbess at Rijnsburg;
150 1222-1234 Floris IV;
s(140); * 24/6 1210; † 19/7 1234;
Count of Holland from 1222;

Mechtild of Brabant; * ca. 1200; † 21/12 1267; m 1214; d Henry I of Brabant;
children :
1.   William II (150); † 1256;
2.   Floris; † 1258; regent of Holland 1248-1258;
3.   Aleide; * ca. 1222; † 1284;
     m 1246 John I of Avesnes and Count of Hainaut; * ca. 1218; † 24/12 1257;
     descendents of this couple inherited later Holland;
4.   Margaret; † 1277;
     m ca. 1249 Count Hermann I of Henneberg; † 1290;
5.   Mechtild;
160 1234-1256 William II;
s(150); * 1227; † 1256, killed in battle;
Count of Holland from 1234;
King of Germany from 1247;
Regents for Holland were the uncles William (140-3) and Otto (140-2) until 1239;
Regent from 1248 to 1258 was the brother Floris;
Regent from 1258 to 1263 was the sister Aleide;

Elisabeth of Braunschweig; † 1266;
children :
1.   Floris V (170);
2.   Mechtild; alive 1256;
170 1256-1296 Floris V;
s(160); * 1254; † 1296, murdered;
Count of Holland from 1256;

Beatrix of Flanders; † 1296; m ca. 1270; d Guy of Dampierre;
children :
1.   John I (180);
2.   Margareta; † after 12/8 1284;
3.   Witte; * ca. 1280; † 1321;
     m ca. 1307 Agnes of Sluis;
4.   Gerhard; † 1327;
5.   William; ca. 1343;
6.   Pieter; ca. 1350;
7.   Dirk;
8.   Katharina; † ca. 1328;
     m ca. 1301 Burggrave Zweder I of Montfort; † ca. 1331;
9.   Alida
180 1296-1300 John I;
s(170); * 1284; † 1299;
Count of Holland from 1296;

Elizabeth of England; * 1282; † 1316; d Edward I;
no children ;
190 1300-1304 John II of Avesnes;
gs through daughter of (150);
Count of Holland from 1300;
Union with Hainault from 1304 to 1467 and
from 1467 in union with Burgundy
From 1572 to 1795
Holland was under Spanish suzerainty
Ruled by Stadtholders from the Orange dynasty
200 1572-1584
or
1581-1584
William the Silent of Nassau = Willem I;
Stadtholder of Holland from 1572;
Prince of Orange, Orange-Nassau line;

children :
1.   Maurice (210);
2.   Frederick Henry (220);
210 1584-1625 Maurice = Maurits;
s(200);
Stadtholder of Holland from 1584, Orange-Nassau line;
220 1625-1647 Frederick Henry = Frederik Willem;
Stadtholder of Holland from 1625; Orange-Nassau line;

child :
1.   William II (230);
230 1647-1650 William II;
s(220);
Stadtholder of Holland from 1647; Nassau-Dillenburg line;

Mary; * 1626; † 27/10 1650; m 2/5 1641 William II of Orange; d Charles I of England;
Something happened between 1650 and 1702
G. S. (Jan de Witte from 1650 to 1672;
240 1672-1702 William III = Willem III;
s(230); * 4/11 1650; † 8/3 1702;
Stadtholder of Holland from 1672; Nassau-Dillenburg line;
King of England from 13/2 1689;

Mary II; * 30/4 1662; † 28/12 1694; m 4/11 1677;
no living children;
Something happened between 1702 and 1747;
G. S. from 1702 - 1747;
250 1747-1751 William IV = Willem IV;
ggs? of (220); s Prince Johan Willem Friso of Orange-Nassau; * 1/9 1711; † 22/10 1751;
Stadtholder of Holland from 4/5 1747; Nassau-Dillenburg line;
Prince of Nassau-Dietz;
Prince of Orange from 1711;

Anne of England and Hannover; * 2/11 1709; † 12/1 1759; m 25/3 1734; d George II;
children :
1.   William V (260); * 8/3 1748; † 9/4 1806;
2.   daughter; * 19/12 1736; † 19/12 1736;
3.   daughter; * 21/12 1739; † 22/12 1739;
4.   Wilhelmina Carolina; * 28/2 1743; † 6/5 1787;
     5/3 1760 Prince Karl Christian of Nassau-Weilburg; * 16/1 1735; † 28/11 1788;
5.   Anna Maria; * 15/11 1746; † 29/12 1746;
260 1751-1795 William V = Willem V Batavus;
s(250); * 8/3 1748; † 9/4 1806;
Stadtholder of Holland from 22/10 1751 to 18/1 1795;
Of the Nassau-Dillenburg line;

Wilhelmine of Prussia; * 7/8 1751; † 9/6 1820; m 4/10 1767;
children :
1.   William (290);
2.   son; * 23/3 1769; † 24/3 1769;
3.   Frederica Louise Wilhelmina; * 28/11 1770; † 15/10 1819;
     m 14/10 1790 Prince Karl Georg August of Braunschweig-Wolffenbüttel; * 8/2 1766; † 20/9 1806;
4.   William Georg Frederik; * 15/2 1774; † 6/1 1799; general;
What happened ?
Batavian Republic and Kingdom ??
270 1806-1810 Louis Bonaparte;
King of Holland from 1806;
280 1810-1814
or
1810-1813
Napoleon Bonaparte;
King of Holland from 1810;
290 1815-1840 William I = Willem I;
s(260); * 24/8 1772; † 12/12 1843;
King of Holland from 1815;
Of the Orange-Nassau-Dietz line;
Duke of Luxemburg from 16/3 1815 to 7/10 1840;
Abdicated Luxemburg;

Wilhelmine of Prussia; * 18/11 1774; † 12/10 1837; m(1) 1/10 1791;
children :
1.   William II (300);
2.   William Frederik Karel; * 28/2 1797; † 8/9 1881;
     m 21/5 1825 Princess Luise of Prussia; * 1/2 1808; † 6/12 1870;
     they got:
     a) Wilhelmine Frederika Alexandrine Anna Louise; * 5/8 1828; † 30/3 1871;
     she m 19/6 1850 King Carl XV of Sweden; * 3/5 1826; † 18/9 1872;
3.   Willemina Frederika Louise Pauline Charlotte; *1/3 1800; † 20/12 1806;
4.   Wilhelmina Frederika Louise Charlotte Marianne; * 9/5 1810; † 29/5 1883;
     m(1) 14/9 1830 Prince Albrecht of Prussia; * 4/10 1809; † 14/10 1872;
     m(2) Johann of Rossum; * 1809; † 1873;

Countess Henriette of Oultremont de Wegimont; * 28/2 1792; † 26/10 1864; m(2) 17/2 1841;
300 1840-1849 William II Frederik Georg Lodewijk = Willem II;
s(280); * 6/12 1792; † 7/3 1849;
King of Holland from 1840;
Of the Orange-Nassau-Dietz line;
Grand Duke of Luxemburg from 1840;

Grand duchess Anna of Russia; * 18/1 1795; † 1/3 1865; m 21/2 1816; d Tsar Pavel (Z-29);
children :
1.   William III (310);
2.   Willem Alexander Frederik Constantijn Nicolaas Michiel; * 2/8 1818; † 20/2 1848;
3.   Willem Frederik Hendrik; * 13/6 1820; † 14/1 1879;
     Stadtholder of Luxemburg from 1850-1879;
     m(1) 9/5 1853 Princess Amelie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenbach; * 20/5 1830; † 24/8 1878;
     m(2) 24/8 1878 Princess Marie of Prussia; * 14/9 1855; † 20/6 1888;
4.   Willem Alexander Ernst Frederik Casimir; * 21/5 1822; † 22/10 1822;
5.   Wilhelmina Maria Sophie Louise; * 8/4 1824; † 23/3 1897;
     m 8/10 1842 Grand Duke Karl Alexander of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenbach; * 24/6 1818; † 5/1 1901;
310 1849-1890 William III Alexander Paul Frederik Lodewijk = Willem III;
s(300); * 19/2 1817; † 23/11 1890;
King of Holland from 1849;
Of the Orange-Nassau-Dietz line;
Grand Duke of Luxemburg from 1848;

Princess Sophie of Württemberg; * 17/6 1818; † 3/6 1877; m(1) 18/6 1839;
children :
1.   Willem Alexander Karel Hendrik Frederik; * 25/8 1851; † 21/6 1884;
2.   Willem Nicolaas Alexander Frederik Karel Hendrik; * 4/9 1840; † 11/6 1879;
3.   Willem Frederik Maurits Alexander Hendrik Karel; * 15/9 1843; † 4/6 1850;

Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont; * 2/8 1858; † 20/3 1934; m(2) 7/1 1879;
child :
4.   Wilhelmina Helena Pauline (320); * 31/8 1880; † 28/11 1962;
320 1890-1948 Wilhelmina I Helena Pauline Maria;
d(310); * 31/8 1880; † 28/11 1962;
Queen of Holland from 1890; Abdicated 4/9 1948;
Of the Orange-Nassau-Dietz line;

Duke Heinrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin; * 19/4 1876; † 3/7 1934; m 7/2 1901; s Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II of Mecklenburg-Schwerin;
child :
1.   Juliana (330);
330 1948-1980 Juliana;
d(320); * 30/4 1909; † 20/3 2004;
Queen of Holland from 1948;
Abdicated 30/4 1980;
Of the Orange-Nassau-Dietz line;

Prince Bernhard Leopold Friedrich Eberhard Julius Heinrich Wilhelm Eduard of Lippe-Biesterfeld; * 29/6 1911; † 1/12 2004; m 7/1 1937;
Created Prince to Lippe-Biesterfeld 24/2 1916;
Crown prince of Holland from 7/1 1937;
children :
1.   Beatrix (340);
2.   Irene Emma Elisabeth; * 5/8 1939;
     m 29/4 1964 Prince Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma; * 8/4 1930; divorced 1981;
3.   Margriet Francisca; * 19/1 1943;
     m 10/1 1967 Piter van Vollenhoven; * 30/4 1939;
4.   Maria Christina; * 18/2 1947;
     m 28/6 1975 Jorge Guillermo; * 1/8 1946; divorced 1996;
340 1980- Beatrix;
d(330);
Queen of Holland from 1980;

Prince Claus; * 1926; † October 2002;
children :
1.   Willem-Alexander;
     m 2002 Maxima Zorreguieta; they got:
     a) Princess Catharina-Amalia; * December 2003;
     b) Princess Alexia; * June 2005;
     c) Princess Ariane; * April 2007;
2.   Johan Friso;
     m 2001 Princess Laurentien; they got:
     a) Eloise;
     b) Leonore;
     c) Claus-Casimir;
3.   Constantijn;
     m 2004 Mabel Wisse Smit;



Opdateret d. 5.11.2009.
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