Rulers and genealogies for the Burgundian monarchies
and the Duchy of Burgundy

Opdateret 19. marts 2008.

LISTS OF RULERS:
Burgundy Kings - numbered 010 - 300;
Duchy of West Burgundy - numbered A010 - A040 + C010 - C370;
County of Burgundy - Franche Comté - numbered F010 - F480;
Counts etc. of Provence - numbered P010 - P660 + M010 - M090;
Dukes of Burgundian Netherlands - numbered N010 - N070;
Dukes of Aquitania and Counts of Poitiers  - numbered AQ01--
Aquitania not yet implemented.

Området Burgunds territoriale historie

Burgund - engelsk Burgundy - har gennem tiderne dækket et eller flere områder i det østlige Frankrig fra Middelhavet og mod nord ind i Luxemburg og Flandern og Holland. I dag udgøres de oprindelige sydfranske, burgundiske landsdele af departementet Bourgogne og området Franche Comté ind mod Schweiz' grænse.

Kort efter år 400 blev området invaderet af et germansk folkeslag, der kaldtes burgundere. De oprettede noget senere deres hovedsæde i Lyon. Området blev senere af frankerne erobret og endnu senere under Karl den Store lagt ind under hans rige. Da Karls rige blev opløst ved Verdunforliget i 843 kom Burgund til at ligge i både vestregionen og midterregionen i den tredelte separation. De vestligste dele blev et hertugdømme i Vestfranken, men den østlige del blev en del af Lothringen. Den østlige del blev ved Lothringens sammenbrud i 879 et kongedømme under Boso. Hans efterkommere tabte den nordligste del til de tyske Welfer, men blev atter forenet i 933.

Fra 1032 indgik de centrale områder - fra Clairvaux til Cluny - i Det tysk-romerske Rige, hvis tre hovedriger derefter var Tyskland, Norditalien med Lombardiet samt kongeriget Burgund.

I historien optræder en del andre navne for området, der i det store hele er et kludetæppe af små og større erobrede områder og arvede områder. I det 11. århundrede Er Øvre Burgund - Upper Burgundy området mellem Besançon og Basel. Lige syd for deler Jurabjergene landet i en østlig del Transjuranske Burgund = Højburgund - Transjurane Burgundy og en vestlig del, Cisjuranske Burgund - Cisjurane Burgundy = County of Burgund. De to områder gik mod syd til omkring Geneve. Syd derfor kom så Nedre Burgund - Lower Burgundy.

En overgang i 1200-tallet kaldtes dets sydlige del kongeriget Arles eller Kongeriget Arelat - Kingdom of Arles = Kingdom of Provence. Den østlige del - ud for Jurabjergene - dannede Franche Comté - ca. Det cisjuranske Burgund. I hele middelalderen kaldtes området, der ikke indgik i Frankrig, for Burgund eller kongeriget Burgund.

Den vestligste del forblev i Det franske Kongerige som et hertugdømme - Duchy of Burgund - under Capetiske herskere og senere under Valois-herskerne.

Franche Comté blev domineret af flere slægter - en overgang af Hohenstaufere, men fra 1405 også af en Valois-hertug. Fra 1400-tallet under Valoiserne havde de i mange år fyrstemagten også i Holland. Valoisernes mandlige linje uddøde i 1477, hvorefter det østlige område overgik til Habsburgske fyrster, mens det vestlige indgik i Det franske Kongedømme.

Historien er i detaljer noget mere kompliceret, men til dynastisk brug kan den korte oversigt gøre nogenlunde fyldest. Her er en separat tekst om Burgund.

Aquitanien

Aquitanien, engelsk Aquitaine, var landet, der som hertugdømme hørte under de engelske konger indtil 1400-tallet. Området dækker den SW-lige del af Frankrig. Hovedsæde i Bordeaux og til tider ind til Toulouse, men i hele perioden ned til den spanske grænse.

Fra 1100-tallet, hvor Normandiet og Bretagne fortsatte over i Aquitanien, og de alle var under engelske styre, gik det tilbage arealmæssigt, men i en slags bølgen frem og tilbage, indtil styret for hele området i midten af 1400-tallet blev overtaget af de franske konger. Det sidste område, som englænderne styrede, var Gascogne.

Provence

Provenceområdet er det SE-lige Frankrig med Marseille i vestenden og Genoa i østenden og dækkende op over Alpeegnene mod Schweiz. Området har fra Karolingernes tid været et lensområde, oftest organiseret som et "County" og styret af en greve. Sådanne områder blev ofte anvendt som apanage-finansieringskilde for fyrsternes yngre sønner.

Forkortelser i regentlisten:
b = brother of, d = daughter of, m = married to (year), s = son of, gs = grandson of,
ggs = great grandson; † = died; ‡ = buried.

 
Burgundy Kings - numbers 010 - 420;

 
No. Ruled Ruler's name and relations
Spouse's name and relations
The Burgundians have moved from Vistula by the Baltic Sea
to the area
around the Rhine by Worms and by Mainz.
010 ca. 407 Gebicca;
King of Burgundy from ca. 400 to ca. 407;

children :
1.   Gundomar I (020);
2.   Giselher (030);
3.   Gunther (040);
020 407-411 Gundomar I;
s(010);
King of Burgundy from ca. 407;
Co-ruler with brothers;
030 407-411 Giselher;
King of Burgundy from ;
Co-ruler with brothers;
040 407-436 Gunther;
King of Burgundy from ;
Co-ruler with brothers to 411;
The Burgundians are moved into Sapaudia near the Rhône by Lyon.
050 436-473 Gunderic = Gundioc;
King of Burgundy from 436;
and in battle with brother Chilperic; † ca. 480;

children :
1.   Gundobad (070);
2.   Chilperic II (080);
3.   Gundomar = Godomar (090);
4.   Godegisel (100);
Burgundy is divided between Gundioc's four sons;
070 473-516 Gundobad;
King of Lyon area from 473;
King of all Burgundy from 480;

children :
1.   Sigismund (110);
2.   Godomar (120);
080 473-493 Chilperic II;
King of Valence area from 473 to 193;
090 473-386 Gundomar = Godomar;
King of Vienne area from 473 to 486;
100 473-500 Godegisel;
King of Vienne and Geneve areas from 473 to 500;
110 516-523 Sigismund;
King of Burgundy from 516;
120 523-532 Godomar = Gundimar;
King of Burgundy from 523;
The Franconian kings extended their territories into the Burgundian areas.
From 534 Burgundy is ruled by Merovingian kings;
130 534-558 Childebert I;
s(France 801). † 23/12 558;
King of Central Burgundy from 534;
King of Paris;

= (France 804)
Ruled France from 511 to 558; See Childebert I; s(France 801). † 23/12 558;
140 534-548 Theudebert I = Theodebert I;
s(France 802); † 548;
King of Northern Burgundy from 534; King of France from 534;
Ruled Austrasia = the northernmost part of Franconia, ca. Aachen - Regensburg - Basle.

= (France 806);
See Kings of France;

Wisagarde; † after 540; m(1) 533; d King Wacho of the Longobards;
children :
1.   Theodebald I; (Fr. 807);
2.   Bertoare;
     m ca. 549 King Totila, Ostrogoth † 552;
No. Ruled Ruler's name and relations
Spouse's name and relations
150 534-561 Chlothar I = Chlotar I = Lothar I = Chlotochar I;
s(France 801); † nov-dec. 561;
King of Southern Burgundy from 534, later united all Burgundy;
King of Neustria from 511 to 558;
King of Franconia from 558 to 561;

= (France 805);
See France (805);;

He ruled the Soissons area.
After brother Chlodomir's death, he murdered his nephews and shared the kingdom with his other brothers.
He became sole ruler over the whole of Franconia from 23/12 558 after his brother Childebert (804) had died, and Theodoric's only grandson had died in 555;

Chlotar I had at least six wives. The below mentioned children are not necessarily all Radegunda's children.

Guntheuca; the widow of his brother

Ingundus; who was sister to Radegunda;

Radegunda = Aregonde = Irgonde a Thüringian princess.
children :
1.   Charibert I; ( Fr. 808);
2.   Guntram = Gontram (160); (Fr. 809);
3.   Sigebert; (Fr. 810);
4.   Chilperc I; (Fr. 811);
5.   Chram = Chramnus; and his whole family were murdered by his own father by arsonry in 560.
6.   Gundobald; was elected king of Neustrasia in 584 and murdered 585;
160 561-592 Guntram;
s(150); † 28/3 592 or 593;
King of Burgundy from 561;
King of France from 561 to 592;

= (France 809);
170 592-595 Childebert II;
s(France 810); * 570; † 596;
King of Burgundy from 592 or 593;
King of Austrasia from 575;

= (France 812);

children :
1.   Theodebert II (Fr. 814)
2.   Theodoric II (180) = (Fr. 815);
180 595-613 Theuderic II;
s(170) = (France 812); * 586 or 587; † after 23/8 613;
King of Burgundy from 595 or 596;
King of Austrasia from 612;

= (France 815);

Ermenberga; of Visigothic kin;
child :
1.   Sigebert; † 613 murdered; by some numbered as Sigebert II;
Burgundy was from 613 united with Neustria
and ruled by the Merovigian kings -
See France from (815 to 830) and (901 to 903)
230 840-855 Lothar I;
s(France 903);
King of Burgundy from 840;
Co-ruler with father from 817;
From 843 only the Eastern Burgundy;

child :
1.   Lothar II (260);
Louis the Pious' sons divided in 843 the territory between themselves and
West Burgundy went to Charles the Bald. It was to be called The Duchy of Burgundy.
and
East Burgundy went to Lothar I (230). It was to be known as the Kingdom of Burgundy;
240 843- Charles the Bald;
King of West Burgundy from 843;

For the next rulers of West Burgundy:
see France (904, 905 and 906);
From 880 see Burgundy Dukes;
When Lothar died in 855 the East Burgundy was divided and
the Northern East Burgundy went to Lothar II
and
the Southern East Burgundy went to Charles.
For the southern parts see Provence and the Arelate;
No. Ruled Ruler's name and relations
Spouse's name and relations
260 855-869 Lothar II;
s(230); † 869;
King of North Eastern Burgundy from 855;

Lothar's territory was divided between uncle Charles the Bald (240) and Louis the German by the Treaty of Mersen;
Charles the Fat ruled to his death in 884.
The nobles elcted then Count Rudolph of Auxerre as Burgundian King (275);
275 888-912 Rudolph I of Burgundy;
s Count Conrad of Auxerre; *† 912;
King of Upper Burgundy from 888;

Willa; unconfirmed d King Boso of Burgundy;
children :
1.   Rudolph II (280); † 937;
2.   Louis of Thurgau;
     m Edgifa; d Edward I of England;
3.   Waldrada;
     m 923 Duke Bonifacius of Spoleto; † 953;
4.   Judith;

A sister, Adelaide, to Rudolph I married Duke Richard the Justiciar (A-010);
280 912-937 Rudolph II;
s(275); † 937;
King of Upper Burgundy from 912;
King of Lower Burgundy from 931;
King of Italy from 924 to 926;

Bertha; m ca. 922; d Duke Burchard II of Swabia;
children :
1.   Konrad (290); * ca. 925; † 10/10 993;
2.   Rudolf;
3.   Bouchard; † ca. 959; Archbishop Lyon
4.   Adelaide; * ca. 931; † 17/12 999;
     m(1) King Lothar of Arles / Italy; † 950;
     m(2) 950 Adalbert of Ivrea;
     m(3) Emperor Otto I; † 973;
King Rudolph exchanged the Italian territories
for the Provence and Arles territories.
He could then rejoin the two Burgundian areas.
290 937-993 Konrad = Conrad the Peaceful;
s(280); * ca. 925; † 10/10 993;
King of Burgundy from 937;

Adelana; m(1);
children :
1.   Kuno; †ca. 966;
2.   Gisela; † 1007;
     m Duke Henry II of Bavaria;

Matilda of France; m(2) ca. 981; d King Louis IV
children :
3.   Rudolph III (300); † 6/9 1032;
4.   Matilda;
5.   Berthe; † ca. 1016;
     m(1) Count Odo I of Blois; † 996;
     m(2) 997 King Robert II of France; divorced ca. 1005;
6.   Gerberga; * ca. 970; † after 1016;
     m(1) Bernhard I of Werl or his son;
     m(2) Duke Hermann II of Swabia;
300 993-1032 Rudolph III of Burgundy;
s(290); † 6/9 1032;
King of Burgundy from 993;

Agaltrudis; m(1) ca. 990-994;

Ermengarde; m(2) 1011; † after 1057; a widow of Count Rotbald of Provence;
South Burgundy = Provence was incorporated into the German Empire in 1032, and
was called the Kingdom of Arles = the Arelate;
For the internal dukes of Provence see the Provence rulers;



Opdateret d. 24.3.2008.
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