Regenter og slægtsforhold for østrigske fyrster

Forkortelser i regentlisten:
b = broder til, d = datter af, m = gift med til (år), s = søn af, gs = barnebarn (søn) af,
ggs = oldebarn (søn) af; † = dødsdato; ‡ = begravet.

No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
10 976-994 Leopold I teh Illustrious = Luitpold I der Erlauchte;
* 940 c.; † 10/07 994;
Margrave of Bavarian Eastern Mark = Bayerischen Ostmark from 976;

Richwara; d. Count Ernst of Sualafeldgau;
children :
1.   Henry I (20); † 23/06 1018;
2.   Ernst I; Duke of Swabia; * bef. 984; † 31/05 1015;
3.   Adalbert (30); † ;
4.   Popo; Archbishop Trier from 1016; * 994; † 1047;
5.   Luitpold; Archbishop Mainz; † 1059;
6.   Kunigunde;
7.   Christina a nun;
8.   Hemma;
   m Count Ratpoto of Trier;
9.   Judith;
20 994-1018 Henry I the Strong = Heinrich I der Starke;
s(10); † 12/06 or 23/06 1018;
Margrave of Ostmark from 994 to 996;
Margrave of Austria from 996;

Never married;
30 1018-1055 Adalbert the Victorious = Adalbert der Siegreiche;
* 985 c.; † 26/05 1055;
Margrave of Austria from 1018;

Glismod of West Saxony; sister to the Bishop of Paderborn; m(1);
children :
1.   Leopold; Margrave of the Hungarian March; † 1043;
   m Ida of Elsdorf; d Count Ludolfs of Braunschweig;
   they got:
     a) Justizia; †1120 or 1122;
     m Count Otto II of Wolratshhausen;
2.   Oda;
   m 1070 Prince Svyatoslav II of Chernigov †27/12 1076;

Frozza Orseolo;
no children ;
40 1055-1075 Ernest I the Brave = Ernst der Tapfere;
s(30); * 1027 c.; † 09/06 or 10/06 1075 died in battle;
Margrave of Austria from 1055;

Adelheid of Meissen = Adelaide von Eilenburg; m(1) 1060 c.; †1071;
children :
1.   Leopold II (50); * 1050; † 12/10 1102;
2.   Adalbert I Count of Windberg; † 1145;
   m Luitgard von Diessen; † 1120;
   They got:
     a) Friedrich;
     b) Berthold I, Count of Windberg; † 1141;
     c) Adalbert II, Count of Windberg and Bogen;
     a grandson, Adalbert III; † 1197; married
     m Ludmilla of Bohemia; * 1170; † 04/08 1240;
     d) Hartwich; † 1156;
     e) Heilwich;
     f) Luitgard; † 31/12 1094;
     m 1094 Duke Bretislav II of Bohemia, † 22/12 1100;
3.   Adelheid;
   m Hermann von Peugen;

Swanhilde von Ungarnmark; m 1072;
no children ;
50 1075-1095 Leopold II the Fair = Luitpold der Schöne;
s(40); * 1050; † 12/10 1102;
Margrave of Austria from 1075;

Ida of Ratelberg = Ida of Cham; m 1065;
children :
1.   Leopold III (60); * 1073; † 15/11 1136;
2.   Elisabeth; † 10/10 1107;
   m 1082 Margrave Otakar IV of Styria = Steiermark; † 28/11 1122;
3.   Judith; † young;
4.   Gerberga = Helberg; † 13/07 1142;
   m 1100 Duke Borzivoy II of Bohemia; † 02/02 1124;
5.   Uda; † 1115;
   m Margrave Luitpold of Moravia; † 15/03 1112;
6.   Euphemia; † 1168 c.;
   m Count Konrad von Peilstein;
7.   Sophie; † 02/05 1154;
   m(1) Duke Henry III of Carinthia; † 1122;
   m(2) Count Sighard of Burghausen; † 1142;
8.   Adelheid;
   m Dietrich von Formbach; † 1144;
60 1095-1136 Leopold III the Good = Luitpold der Heilige;
s(50); * 1073; † 15/11 1136;
Margrave of Austria from 1095;

Maria von Perg; m(1); † 1105 or before;
child : first wife got one son according to a source, but all children are born after her death acording to most sources and are listed under second wife;

Agnes of Germany; * 1072; m(2) 1106; † 24/09 1143;
children :
  1.   Adalbert (60); * 1107; † 09/11 1137;
  2.   Leopold IV (70); * 1108; † 1141;
  3.   Otto; * 1112; † 1158; Bishop of Freising;
  4.   Heninrich II (80); * 1112; † 13/11 1177;
  5.   Ernst; † 1137;
  6.   Konrad; * 1116; † 1168; Bishop of Passau, Archbishop of Salzburg; Primate of Germany from 1164-1168;
  7.   Uta; m Count Liutold of Plain;
  8.   Agnes; * 1108 or 1113; † 25/01 1157;
   m 1125 Prince Wladislaw II of Cracow and Silesia; † 115);
  9.   Judith; * 1115 c.; † after 18/10 1168 or 1178;
   m before 28/03 1133 Margrave William V of Montferrat; † 1191;
10.   Gertrud; * 1120; † 04/08 1150;
   m 1140 Duke / King Wladislaw II of Bohemia; † 18/01 1174;
11.   Elisabeth; * 1124; † 1143;
   m 1142 Count Hermann II of Winzenburg; † 1152;
12.   Bertha; † 1150 c.;
   m Burggrave Heinrich III von Regensburg; † 1174;
13.-19.   seven children; † all died young;
70 1137-1141 Leopold IV the Generous = Luitpold der Freigiebige;
s(60); * 1108; †18/10 1141; Margrave of Austria from 1137;
Duke of Bavaria from 1139 to 1141;

Maria of Bohemia; m 28/09 1138; † 1160 c.; d Sobieslav I Udalrich;
80 1141-1177 Henry II Jasomirgott = Heinrich Jasomirgott;
s(60); * 1112; † 13/01 1177 killed in battle;
Margrave of Austria from 1141 to 1156;
Duke of Austria from 1156 to 1177;
Duke of Bavaria from 1143 to 1156;
Prince / Pfalzgraf bei Rhein from 1140 to 1142;

Gertrud of Supplingenburg; * 18/04 1115; m(1) 1142; † 18/04 1143; d Emperor Lothar;
It wa her m(2). Her first m 29/05 1127 was to Duke Henry the Proud of Bavaria, † 1139. They got Henry the Lion;
child :
1.   Richardis; * 1143; † 1200
   m Count Heinrich V of Steffling; † 1185;

Theodora Komnena m(2) 1148; † 1183; d Emperor Johannes II Komnenus;
children :
2.   Leopold V (90); * 1157; † 31/12 1194;
3.   Henry Duke of Mödling; * 1158; † 19/01 1223;
   m 1179 Richiza of Bohemia; † 1182;
4.   Agnes; * 1154 c.; † 13/01 1182;
   m(1) 1168 King Stephen III of Hungary; * 1147; † 04/03 1172;
   m(2) Duke Hermann II of Carinthia; † 04/10 1181;

Privilegium Minus og Østrig bliver hertugdømme

Baggrunden for Østrigs statsændring fra markgrevskab til hertugdømme var kejser Frederick I's politiske kabale for at beholde Henrik Løves støtte og samtidig undgå fjendskab med Babenbergerne i Bayern. Babenbergerne havde regeret Bayern forholdsvis kort tid, da de først var indsat som hertuger i 1139. Den Babenbergerske hertug, Henrik Jasomirgott, i Bayern var kejser Fredericks onkel på fædrenes side. Kejseren, der havde forfædre både hos Welferne og Babenbergerne, havde som mål at stække de magtfulde bayerske hertuger og samtidig bruge hertugdømmet til at formilde Henrik Løve, der var af Welfernes dynasti, med.

Der skulle derfor handles, så Babenbergerne afstod Bayern mod at få Østrig. Tilbuddet var derfor at marken Østrig blev givet som len til Babenbergerdynastiet, der i vanskelige og langstrakte forhandlinger fra 1153 opnåede at få tilagt kvindelig arvefølge eller i tilfælde af ingen arving, at den siddende fyrste kunne udnævne sin efterfølger - en ret, der ellers tilkom kejseren. Begunstigelserne var dog tidsmæssigt begrænset til den siddende fyrste og hans efterfølger.

Kejseren og Babenbergerne blev enige om en aftale, i hvilken markgrevskabet blev ophøjet til hertugdømme, og de omtalte begunstigelser inkluderet til gengæld for afståelsen af Babenbergernes bayeriske territorium. Henrik Jasomirgott anerkendte ændringerne på rigsdagen i Regensburg i september 1156. Ved den lejlighed, den 8/9, red kejseren usædvanligt til sin vasals teltlejr uden for byen og her - med Henrik Løve til stede - udvekslede de tre herrer faner som tegn på overdragelsen af Bayern og Østrig. Diplomet er underskrevet den 17/09 1156.

Samtidig er der en del, der tyder på, at kejseren allerede under valgforløbet i 1152 lovede Henrik Løve, som tidligere havde msitet Bayern, hertugdømmet tilbage. Modydelsen skulle så være Henriks kampklare og dygtige troppers bistand til kejserens italienske felttog.


No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
90 1177-1194 Leopold V the Virtuous = Luitpold der Tugendhafte;
s(80); * 1157; † 31/12 1194;
Duke of Austria & Styria from 1177;

Ilona of Hungary = Helene; * 1158 c.; m 1174; † 25/05 1199; d Geza II ;
children :
1.   Friedrich I (100); * 1175 c.; † 16/04 1198;
2.   Leopold VI (110); * 1176 or 1177; † 28/07 1230;
3.   Agnes;
100 1195-1198 Fredrich I the Catholic = Friedrich der Katholische;
s(090); * 1175 c.; † 16/04 1198; died in Palestine;
Duke of Austria from 1194;

No heirs ;
110 1198-1230 Leopold VI the Glorious = Luitpold der Glorreiche;
s(090); * 1176 or 1177; † 28/07 1230;
Duke of Austria from 1198;
Duke of Styria from 1194;

Theodora Angelina; m 1203; † 1246;
children :
1.   Leopold; * 1207; † 1216;
2.   Heinrich; * 1208; † 26/09 1228;
   m 29/11 1225 Agnes of Thuringia;
     they got:
     a) Duchess Gertrud of Austria and Styria; * 1228 c.; † 24/04 1299;
     m(1) 1246 Margrave Wladislaw of Moravia; † 03/01 1247;
     m(2) 1248 Margrave Hermann VI of Baden; † 04/10 1250;
     m(3) 1252 Prince Roman of Haliczm Count of Novogrudok; div. 1253; † c. 1260;
3.   Friedrich II (120); * 1210; † 15/06 1246;
4.   Margarethe; † 02/10 1267;
   m(1) 29/11 1225 King Heinrich (VII) Hohenstaufen; * 1211; † 1242;
   m(2) 08/04 1252 King Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia; * 1233; † 26/08 1278;
5.   Agnes; * 1206; † 26/08 1226;
   m 1222 Duke Albrecht of Saxony; † 1260;
6.   Konstanze; * 06/05 1212† 05/06 1243;
   m 1234 Margrave Henry of Meissen; * 1218; † 1288;
7.   Gertrud; † 1241;
   m 1238 Landgrave Heinrich Raspe of Thuringia, German (anti) King; † 17/12 1247;
120 1230-1246 Frederick II the Quarrelsome = Friedrich der Streitbare;
s(110); * 1210; †15/06 1246 died in battle;
Duke of Asutria from 1230;
Lord of Krain in 1232;

Sophia Lascarina = Eudokia; divorced 1229; d Emperor Theodore Laskaris of Byzantium;

Agnes of Meranien; m(2) 1229, divorced 1240;

Arvefølgestrid mellem efterkommere fra kvindelige linjer efter Friderich II

Da Frederich II (120) faldt i kamp den 15/06 1246 havde han ingen arvinger fået med sine to koner. I henhold til Privilegium Minus fra 1156 var der for den da siddede hertug åbnet mulighed for en kvindelig arvefølge, hvilket nu flere generationer senere alligevel blev anvendt og bragte flere arvekrav frem. Alle fordringshaverne havde beregnet deres krav ud fra slægtslinjer gennem kvindelige klanmedlemmer.

Frederichs havde haft en storebror, Heinrich, der var død i 1228, før faderen Leopold VI (110), men han nåede at få en datter, hertuginde Gertrud af Østrig og Steiermark, der blev gift tre gange, og alle ægtemænd plus den enes søn gjorde arvekrav gældende. Endvidere gjorde den böhmiske kong Premysl Ottokar II gennem sin kone Margarethe, der var søster til Frederich II. Parret havde ingen børn, og Margarethe døde i 1267 barnløs. Da var parret i mellemtiden, 1260, blevet skilt.

Den første prætendent var Gertruds første ægtemand, Markgreve Vladislav af Mähren, krævede hertugtitlen fra 1246 til sin død den 03/01- 1247, så hans krav blev kun et halvt år.

Den næste var Gertruds anden ægtemand, Markgreve Hermann VI af Baden. Han opretholdt kravet til sin død den 04/10 1250, altså godt tre år.

Den tredje var Gertruds tredje ægtemand Prince Roman af Halicx, Greve af Novogrudok. Han døde i 1260. Han krævede hertugkronen i 1252 og 1253, hvor parret blev skilt, og hans krav blev derefter alrig seriøst overvejet af de besluttende tyske kræfter.

Den fjerde var Frederich I af Baden, søn af Gertrud og Markgreve Hermann VI. Han opretholdt kravet til 1268, men var igen fjernet lidt langt fra den afdøde hertug.

Den femte prætendent var Kong Premysl Ottokar II af Böhmen. Han var den 08/04 1252 blevet gift med Frederichs søster Margarethe, der havde været enke i ca. ti år efter sit første ægteskab med den tyske konge Heinrich III af Hohenstaufen, død 1242. Han fik tilkæmpet sig hertugdømmet og magten over Østrig fra 1251, over Steiermark 1260 og over Kärnten fra 1269. Fra han blev skilt fra Margarethe i 1260 satte den tyske konge ham under pres for at afstå hertugdømmerne, men Ottokar ville ikke vige, og to gange måtte den i 1273 udnævnte Kong Rudolf I af Habsburg nedkæmpe Ottokar, der endelig blev afsat i 1276.

Rudolf I overtog selv hertugdømmet og indsatte fra 1282 sine to sønner Albert og Rudolf II som hertuger.


No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
130 1246-1247 Vladislaus of Maravia;
† 03/01 1247;
Margrave of Moravia;
Claimant to duchy of Austria;

Gertrud of Babenberg (110-2-a); * 1228 c.; her m(1) 1246; † 24/4 1299; d Heinrich (110-2);
140 1248-1250 Hermann VI of Baden;
† 04/10 1250;
Margrave of Baden;
Claimant to duchy of Austria;

Gertrud of Babenberg (110-2-a); * 1228 c.; her m(2) 1248; † 24/4 1299; d Heinrich (110-2);
children :
1.   Frederich I of Baden (150); * 1249; † 29/10 1268;
2.   Sister who married to be Countess of Heunburg;
145 1252-1253 Roman of Halicz;
† 1260;
Count of Novogrudok;
Claimant to duchy of Austria;

Gertrud of Babenberg (110-2-a); * 1228 c.; her m(3) 1252; div. 1253; † 24/4 1299; d Heinrich (110-2);
150 1250-1268 Frederich I of Baden;
s(140) † 29/10 1268; beheaded in Naples together with Conradin;
Margrave of Baden;
Claimant to duchy of Austria;
160 1251-1278 Premysl Ottokar II of Bohemia;
s(Boh.380); * c. 1233; † 26/08 1278 in action; ‡ St. Veit, Prague;
King of Bohemia from 1253;
Margrave of Moravia from 1247;
Duke of Austria from 1251, but never accepted by the German electorate;
He was expelled by Emperor Rudolf I (031);

Margarete; m(1) 11/02 1252; divorced 1261 or 1264; † 02/10 1267; d Duke Leopold VI of Austria;

See Bohemia for his children;
170 1278-1282 Rudolf I;
s Albert IV, the founder of the Habsburg line, and Countess Heilwige of Kiburg.
* 01/05 1218, † 15/07 1291; ‡ Speyer Cathedral;
Count of Habsburg 1239 to 1291;
Elected king and emperor 01/10 1273 (Germ. 031);

Gertrude of Hohenberg called Anna from 1273; * c.1225; m(1) 1245 in Elsass; † 16/02 1281;
children :
1.   Mathilda; * 1253; † 23/12 1304;
   m 24/10 1273 Ludwig II der Strenge von Bayern;
2.   Albert (180); * 1255, † 01/05 1308;
3.   Catherine = Katharina; * 1256 or 1265; † 04/04 1282;
   m 1279 King Otto III of Hungary, * 11/02 1261 - † 09/09 1312, and of Bavaria or Lower Bavaria;
4.   Agnes Gertrud; * 1257; † 11/10 1322;
   m 1273 Albert II of Saxony, 1250-25/08 1298;
5.   Hedwig; * 1258; † 1303;
   m 1270 Otto of Brandenburg, 1238-27/11 1309;
6.   Clementia; * 1262; † 07/02 1293;
   m 1281 King Charles I Martel of Anjou and Hungary, 1271-12/08 1295;
7.   Hartmann Count of Habsburg; * 1263; † 20/12 1281;
8.   Rudolf II; * 1270;
   m 1289, † 10/05 1290; from 1282 Duke of Swabia and Austria;

  9.   Guta = Juta; * 13/03 1271; † 18/06 1297;
     m 1285 King Wenceslas II of Bohemia, 17/09 1271 - 21/06 1305;
10.   Karl count of Habsburg; * 14/02 1276; † 16/08 1276;

Isabelle of Burgundy = Agnes von Burgund; * c.1270; † 1323; m(2) May 1284 in Besancon; d Hugh IV of Burgundy;
no children;
180 1282-1308 Albert I of Austria = Albrekt I;
s(170) = (Germ. 031); * 00/07 1255; † 01/05 1308;
Duke of Austria, Styria and Carniola from 1282;
Elected King of the Romans 28/07 1298 (Germ. 033);
Albert I was murdered by a nephew at Königsfelden 01/05 1308.

Elizabeth of Tyrol; * 1263; m 20/12 1274; † 28/10 1313; d Count Meinhard V of Görz-Tyrol;
children :
1.   Anne = Anna; * 1280; † 19/03 1327 or 1328;
     m(1) 1295 Margrave Hermann of Brandenburg;
     m(2) 1310 Duke Henry VI the Good of Breslau;
2.   Agnes, * 18/05 1281, † 10/06 1364;
     m 1296 King Andras III of Hungary,
     later widowed and prioress at Königfelden.
3.   Rudolf III (200); * 1282; † 04/07 1307; King of Bohemia, Duke of Austria;
     m(1) Blanche of France 1300;
     m(2) Elisabeth of Poland 1306; Line extinct, died before father;
4.   Elisabeth; * ?; † 1352 or 19/05 1353;
     m 1304 or 1306 Duke Frederick IV of Lorraine;
5.   Frederick the Fair; (210, Germ.036); * 1289; † 13/01 1330;
6.   Leopold I (220); * 1289 or 04/08 1290; † 28/02 1326;
     m 1315 Catherine of Savoy;
     they got:
     a) Catherine, 1320-1349;
     b) Agnes, 1321-1392;
7.   Catherine; * 1295; † 18/01 1323;
     m 1316 Duke Charles of Sicily-Anjou and Calabria (Nap. N14);
8.   Albert II the Wise;(230, Germ. 133); * 12/12 1298; † 20/07 1358;
     m Johanna of Pfirt 1324;
9.   Heinrich = Henry; * 1299; † 03/02 1327;
   m - line extinct;
10.   Meinhard; * 1300; died young;
11.   Otto (240); * 23/07 1301; † 26/02 1339;
   m - line extinct;
12.   Jutta; † 1329;
   m 26/03 1319 Count Ludwig V of Öttingen in Baden;
190 1282-1283 Rudolf II the Debonair = Rudolf ;
s(180); * 1270; † 10/05 1290 at Prague;
Duke of Swabia from 1282;
Duke of Austria froom 1283;

Agnes of Bohemia; * 05/09 1269; m 1289; † 17/05 1296; d Premysl II Ottokar;
child :
1.   Johann; * 1290; † 13/12 1313;
   murdered King Albert I (180) 01/05 1308 at Königsfelden;
200 1298-1307 Rudolf III of Austria;
s(180); * 1282; † 04/07 1307; ‡ Prague;
King of Bohemia from 1306;
Duke of Austria and Styria from 1298;

Blanche of France; * 1278: m(1) 25/05 1300; †19/03 1305; d King Philip III;
child :
1.   daughter died young:

Elisabeth = Rixa; * 01/09 1288; m(2) c. Oct. 1306; † 19/10 1335; d King Przemislav II of Poland;
210 1306-1330 Frederick I the Fair of Austria = Friederich I der Schöne = Frederick II of Austria of Habsburg = Friedrich der Schöne = Frederick the Handsome = Frederick the Fair = Frederik den Smukke;
s(200 = Germ.033); * 1289, † 13/01 1330;
King of Germany from 25/11 1314, antiking (036);
Duke of Austria and Styria from 1306;
As a duke he is seen numbered as No. I, III, IV.

The king ruled in Bohemia as Johann or Jan 07/02 1311 to 26/08 1346; (Boh. 450);.
Disputed king, defeated in the run for empire in the Mühldorff Battle 1322 and became prisoner of Ludwig (Germ. 035);

Isabella of Aragon, * 1305; m 11/05 1315; † 12/07 1330; d King James II ;
children :
1.   Frederick; * 1316; † 1322;
2.   Elisabeth; * 1317; † 1336;
3.   Anna; * 1318; † 1343;
     m(1) 1328 Duke Henry II of Bavaria; † 1312;
     m(2) 1336 Count Heinrich / John of Goerz; † 17/03 1338;
4.-6.   illegitimate children who all became priests.
220 1306 / 1308-1326 Leopold I = Leopold VII the Glorious;
s(180); * 04/08 1290; † 28/02 1326;
Duke of Austria and Styria from 1306;
From 1308 together with brother Frederick (210);

Catherine of Savoy; * 1284 c.; m 26/05 1315; † 30/09 1336;
children :
1.   Katharina; * 09/02 1320; † 28/09 1349;
   m(1) 12/01 1337 Enquerrand VI de Coucy; † 25/08 1346 in Crécy battle;
     they got:
     a) Son who succeeded father;
2.   Agnes; * 1321 or 1326; † 02/02 1392;
   m 1338 Duke Bolko II of Schweidnitz; † 28/07 1368;
230 1330-1358 Albert II the Wise = Albrecht II der Weise = der Lehme;
s(180); *12/12 1298; † 20/07 1358;
Count of Pfirt from 1324;
Duke of Austria, Styria, Carinthia and South Tyrol from 1330;

Johanna, Countess of Pfirt; * 1300; † 15/11 1351;
children :
1.   Rudolf IV (270); * 01/11 1339; † 27/07 1365;
2.   Katharina; * 1342; † 10/01 1381;
3.   Margarete; * 1346; † 14/01 1366;
   m(1) 04/09 1359 Duke of Bavaria - Meinhard III of Tyrol; * 09/02 1344; † 13/01 1363;
   m(2) 26/02 1364 Margrave Johann Heinrich of Moravia; 12/02 1322; † 12/11 1375;
4.   Duke Friedrich III of Carinthia; * 31/03 1347; † 10/12 1362;
5.   Albrecht III (280); * 09/09 1348; † 29/08 1395;
6.   Leopold III (290); * 01/11 1351; † 09/07 1386;
240 1330-1339 Otto the Merry;
s(180); * 23/07 1301; † 26/02 1339;
Duke of Austria and Styria from 1330, ruled jointly with brother Albert (230);
Duke of Carinthia, Carniola and South Tyrol from 1335;

Elisabeth of Bavaria; * 1306; m(1) 15/05 1325; † 25/03 1330; d Stephen I of Lower Bavaria;
children :
1.   Friederich II (250); * 10/02 1327; † 11/12 1344;
2.   Leopold II (260); * 1328; † 10/08 1344;

Anna of Bohemia m(2) 16/02 1335; † 03/09 1338; d Johann I of Bohemia;
no children ;

3.-6.   Four illegitimate sons
250 1339-1344 Frederick IV of Austria = Friederich II;
s(240); * 10/02 1327; † 11/12 1344;
Duke of Austria, co-ruler with brother (260) and uncle Albert (230);
260 1339-1344 Leopold II = Leopold VIII;
s(240); * 1328; † 10/08 1344;
Duke of Austria, co-ruler with brother (250) and uncle Albert (230);
270 1358-1365 Rudolf IV the Founder = Rudolf IV der Stammler;
s(230); *01/11 1339; † 27/07 1365 of the plague, Milano;
Duke of Austria, Styria, Carinthia from 1358;
Duke of Carniola from 1364;
Count of Tyrol from 1363;

Katharina of Bohemia = Catherine of Luxembourg; * 19/08 1342; m 13/07 1356; † 26/04 1395; d Emperor Charles IV;
no children ;
280 1365-1379 Albrecht III mit dem Copfe = Albert III the Pigtail;
s(230); * 09/09 1348; † 29/08 1395; ‡ Wien;
Duke of Austria and Styria from 1365, co-ruler with brother;
Archduke of Austria also called Lower Austria from 1379;
The Albertine line is continued with (300);

Elisabeth of Bohemiia; * 19/04 1358; m(1) after 19/03 1366; † 04/09 1373; d Wenceslas Karel IV;

Beatrix von Nürnberg; * 1362; m(2) 04/03 1375; † 10/06 1414;
child :
1.   Albrecht IV (300); * 19/09 1377; † 14/09 1404;
290 1365-1379 Leopold IX the Just = Leopold III;
s(230); * 01/11 1351; † 09/07 1386 in battle; Leopold is most often numbered as III;
Duke of Austria and Styria from 1365, co-ruler with brother;
Duke of Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, County of Tyrol, Further Austria and Istria from 1379;
The Leopoldinian line continues in (291);

Viridis Visconti; * 1350 c.; m 23/02 1365; † 01/03 1414;
children :
1.   Duke William (291); * 1370; † 15/07 1406;
2.   Leopold IV (292); * 1371; † 03/06 1411;
3.   Ernst I the Iron Duke (293); * 1377; † 10/06 1424;
4.   Elisabeth; * 1378; † 1392;
5.   Friedrich IV (294); * 1382; † 24/06 1439;
6.   Katarina; * 1385, became an abbess;

Opdeling af Østrig i henhold til Neubergaftalen 1379

De to brødre regerede sammen de østrigske besiddelser til 1379, hvor de i Neuberg ved Mürz, lidt SE for Wien, den 09/09 delte Habsburgernes territorier imellem sig.

Albert beholdt ærkehertugtitlen for Østrig og dermed de midterste dele af Østrig og områderne mod Böhmen og Ungarn.

Leopold blev regent over hertugdømmerne Steiermark med Wiener Neustadt, Kärnten, Krain (der er det SE-lige område i dag i Slovenien med byen Ljubljana), Windische Mark (der også er en del af nutidens Slovenia), grevskabet Gorizia eller Görz (i dag i NE-Italien i Friuli) samt lidt diffust Vorderlandene til Østrig, der er Habsburgernes spredte besiddelser fra Alsass mod øst tværs over Sydtyskland til det nuværende Østrig.

Den Albertinske linje uddøde i 1457 med Ladislav den Posthume (330), og da var hans områder gået tilbage til efterkommerne af Leopold, nu i den ernestinske underlinje i 1452.

Og alle områderne var igen samlet i 1490, da Grev Sigismund af Tyrol blev købt ud til pensionering, og Ærkehertug Maximilian I derefter regerede som enehersker over det Habsburgske Østrig med tilliggende lande.


Den Albertinske Linjes fyrster til 1452
Ærkehertuger over Nedre Østrig
No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
300 1395-1404 Albrecht IV der Weltwunder = Albert IV the Patient;
s(280); * 19/09 1377; † 14/09 1404; ‡ Wien;
Duke of Austria from 1395;

Johanna of Bavaria; * 1373 or 1377; m 24/04 1390; † 17/10 1410; d Duke Albrecht I;
children :
1.   Margarete; * 26/06 1395; † 24/12 1447;
   m 25/11 1412 Duke Heinrich IV of Bavaria; * 1386; † 30/07 1450;
2.   Albrecht V (310); * 16/08 1397; † 27/10 1439;
310 1404-1439 Albrecht V = Albert V the Magnanimous;
s(300); * 16/08 1397; † 27/10 1439;
Duke of Austria from 1404;
King of Germany from 19/03 1438 as Albrecht II;
Crowned Prague 29/07 1438;
King of Bohemia from 1437; as Albrecht;
King of Hungary from 1437 as Albert;
Crowned 01/01 1438;
Margrave of Moravia from 1423;

Elisabeth of Bohemia; * 28/02 1409; m 26/04 1422; † 16/02 1435;
children :
1.   Georg; * 1431; † 16/02 1435;
2.   Anna; * 12/04 1432; † 13/11 1462;
   m 20/06 1446 Duke William of Luxembourg; * 1425; † 17/09 1482;
3.   Elisabeth; * 1435; † 30/08 1505;
   m 10/03 1454 King Casimir IV of Poland (PVI-90); * 30/11 1427; † 07/06 1492;
4.   Ladislaus (330); * 22/02 1440; † 23/11 1457;
320
Hertugdømmet var uden anerkendt fyrste fra 1439 til 1440
330 1440-1457 Ladislaus Posthumous = Ladislaus Postumus;
s(310); * 22/02 1440; † 23/11 1457;
He became from birth duke and head of the Habsburger dynasty;
Duke of Austria from 1440;
King of Hungary from 1453 as Laszlo V;
Crowned in Hungary 15/05 1440;
King of Bohemia from 1453;
Crowned 28/10 1453 in Prague.
A kind of interregnum existed during his childhood;
Under his relative Friedrich V (350) guardianship Ladislaus was virtually a prisoner. He was freed by force in 1452 after pressure put on the emperor from 1444.

Engaged to Magdalena of Valois. d Charles VII of France;
The groom died before the wedding could take place. [Tyn Church, p.9]

Ladislaus's cousins Frederick V (350) and Albert VI(360) succeeded him in Austria;

Interregnum efter Ladislaus' død i 1457

Efter Ladislaus' død i 1457 til 1458 var Østrig uden regent.

Fra Ladislaus var befriet fra sin onkels opsyn eller tilbageholdelse i 1452 til 1457 var der nogle komplicerede styrkeforhold mellem de forskellige områders reelle fyrster i Böhmen, Ungarn og de forskellige østrigske lande.

Efter Ladislaus' død gik hans områder, Det Indre / Nedre Østrig bestående af Steiermark, Kärnten og Kairn, til den habsburgske ernestinske linje, en underlinje til den leopoldinske linje.
Den Leopoldinske Linje fra 1458
Ærkehertuger og Hertuger over Østrig
No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
340
Interregnum 1457-1458
291 1386-1406 William the Courteous = Wilhelm von Styria;
s(290); * 1370; † 15/07 1406;
Duke of Styria, Carinthia & Tyrol from 1386;

Queen Joanna II of Naples; * 25/06 1373; m 13/10 1401; † 02/02 1435;
d Charles II and Maragaret of Sicily-Anjou;
no children ;
292 1386-1411 Leopold X the Fat = Leopold IV = Leopold der Stolze;
s(290); * 1371; † 03/06 1411;
Duke of Styria and Lord of the Alsace from 1386;

Catherine of Burgundy; * 1378; m 15/08 1392; † 24/01 or 26/01 1425;
d Charles the Bold of Burgundy;
She remarried Maximilian Smassmann von Rappoltstein and divorced in 1421.
no children in neither marriage ;
293 1402-1406 Ernest II the Iron = Ernst I der Eiserne;
s(290); * 1377; † 10/06 1424;
Duke of Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and Tyrol from 1406;

Margarete of Pomerania; * 1366; m(1) 14/01 1392; † 12/06 1410;
d Duke Bogislaw V of Pomerania-Wolgast;

Cimburga of Masovia = Cymburgis; * 1394; m(2) 25/01 1412; † 28/09 1429;
children :
1.   Friedrich V (350); * 21/09 1415; † 19/08 1493;
2.   Margarete; * 1416; † 12/02 1486;
   m 03/06 1431 Elector Friedrich of Saxony; * 1412; † 04/09 1464;
     they got:
     a) Amalie (Sax. 033a); * 1436; † 1501;
     m Ludvig of Bayern-Landshut;
     b) Anna (Sax. 033b); * 1437; † 1512;
     m Albrecht Achilles of Brandenburg;
     c) Ernst (Sax. 034); * 1441; † 1486;
     d) Albrecht (Sax. 035); * 1443; † 1500;
     e) Hedwig af Wettin; abbess in Quedlinburg (-1458-); [9809 p.34]
3.   Albrecht VI (360); * 18/12 1418; † 02/12 1463;
4.   Alexander; † 1420;
5.   Rudolf; † 1424 or before;
6.   Leopold; † 1424 or before;
7.   Katharina; * 1424; † 11/09 1493;
   m 15/07 1447 Margrave Karl I of Baden; † 24/02 1475;
8.   Anna; † 11/11 1429;
9.   Ernst II; † 10/08 1432;
294 1402-1406 Frederick V of the Empty Pockets = Friedrich IV;
s(290); * 1382; † 24/06 1439;
Count of Tyrol from 1402;

Elisabeth of The Palatine; * 1381; m(1) 24/12 1407; † 31/12 1408;
child :
1.   Elisabeth; * 27/12 1408; † 28/12 1408;

Anna of Braunschweig-Göttingen; * 1390; m(2) 11/06 1411; † 10/08 1432;
children :
2.   Margarete; * 1423; † 06/07 1424;
3.   Hedwig; 1424; † 21/02 1427;
4.   Wolfgang; * 26/02 1426; † 26/02 1417;
   Archduke Sigmund of Austria (295); * 26/10 1427; † 04/03 1496;
Efter 1406 blev Den Leopoldinske Linjes områder delt, så Den Ernestinske Linje fik hertugdømmerne Steiermark, Kärnten, Kairn, der kaldes Det Indre Østrig
Den Ældre Linje med Friedrich V (294) fik Ydre Østrig og Tyrol, altså det Øvre Østrig

295 1439-1490 Sigismund the Rich = ;
s(294); * 26/10 1427; † 04/03 1496;
Duke in Swabia and Switzerland from 1450;
Friedrich V (294) was guardian to 1446;

Eleanor of Scotland; * 26/10 1433; m(1) 12/02 1449 ; † 03/08 1480; d James I of Scotland
child :
1.   Wolfgang; * 1480; † 1480;

Katarina of Saxony; * 24/07 1468; m(2) 24/02 1484; † 10/02 1524; d Albert the Good of Saxony;
350 1453-
1457-1493
Frederick VI the Peaceful = Friedrich V;
s(293); * 21/09 1415; † 19/08 1493;
Duke of Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and Tyrol from 1457;
Archduke of Austria from 1453;
German Emperor from 1452 as Friedrich III;
Leonor; * 08/09 1436; m 16/03 1452; † 03/09 1476; d Duarte I
children :
1.   Christof; * 16/11 1455; † 21/03 1456;
2.   Maximilian I (370); * 22/03 1459; † 12/01 1519;
3.   Helene; * 03/11 1460; † 28/02 1461;
4.   Kunigunde; * 16/03 1465; † 06/08 1520;
   m 03/01 1487 Duke Albrecht IV of Bavaria; * 15/12 1447; † 10/03 1508;
5.   Johann; * 09/08 1466; † 10/02 1467;
360 1457-1463 Albert VI the Prodigal = Albrecht VI;
s(293); * 18/12 1418; † 02/12 1463;
Archduke of Austria from 1453 or 1457;

Matilde of the Palatine; * 07/03 1419; m 1452; † 22/08 1482;
no children ;
370 1489
1493-1519
Maximilian I the Last Knight;
s(350); * 22/03 1459; † 12/01 1519;
Archduke of Tyrol from 1489;
Archduke of Austria from 1493;
King of Germany from 1486;
Emperor from 1508;
More titles under Germany;

Mary of Burgundy; * 13/02 1457; m(1) 18 or 19/08 1477; † 27/03 1482;
d Charles the Bold Duke of Burgundy; The Valois dynasty;
children :
1.   Philip, * 22/06 1478, † 25/09 1506;
later Philip I the Handsome of Spain through marriage to
   m 1496 Juana of Castile = Joanna the Mad of Castile, 1479-1506,
   second d Ferdinand and Isabella of Aragon & Castile [9495 p.139];
   they got:
     a) Eleonore; * 15/11 or 24/11 1498; † 18/02 1558; ‡ Escorial;
     m(1) 07/03 1519 King Manuel I of Portugal; *1469; † 13/12 1521;
     m(2) 1530 King Francois I of France; * 1494; † 1547;
     b) Charles I / V (390); * 24/02 1500; † 21/09 1558;
     c) Isabella; * 18/07 1501; † 19/01 1526;
     m 12/08 1515 King Christian II of Denmark; * 01/07 1481; † 25/01 1559;
     d) Ferdinand I (400); * 10/03 1503; † 25/07 1564;

2.   Margaret of Austria; * 10/01 1480, † 01/12 1530;
   betrothed to Charles VIII of France;
   later sent back, as Charles wanted to marry Duchess Anne of Brittany, then already married by proxy to Maximilian.
   m(1) 1497 Crown Prince Juan of Castile, * 1478; † 1497; s Ferdinand and Isabella of Aragon & Castile;
   m(2) 1501 Philibert of Saxony, * 1480; † 1504;
3.   Franz, * 1481, † 1481;

Anne of Brittany, Duchess, m(2) 1490, the marriage was desolved later after pressure from France;
no children;

Bianca Maria Sforza of Milan, * 05/04 1472, m(3) 16/03 1494, † 31/12 1510; she was the niece of Duke Ludovico Moro of Milan [9495 p.139].
no children ;
380 1485-1490 Matthias Corvinus the Just = Hunyadi Mátyás;
s Johann Hunyadi; * 23/02 1443; † 06/04 1490;
King of Hungary from 1458 as Matthias I;
King of Croatia from 1458;
King of Bohemia from 1469;
Duke of Austria from 1486;
He claimed the Austrian territories, took them by force, occupied the administration and country and ruled from Vienna from 1485 to 1490;

Catherine of Podebrady; m(1) 01/05 1461;
no children ;

Beatrice of Naples; m(2) 15/12 1476;
no children ;

Østrig territorier blev i 1493 igen samlet til en enhed under Maximilian I (370).
Det varede til 1564, hvor landet igen deltes.


No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
370 1493-1519 Maximilian I the Last Knight;
s(350); * 22/03 1459; † 12/01 1519;
Archduke of Austria from 1493;

SEE ABOVE THE FULL PROFILE OF MAXIMILIAN (370)


390 1519-1521 Charles I = Karl I;
s(370-1) Philip of Spain; * 24/02 1500; † 21/09 1558;
Duke of Luxembourg from 1500 to 1555;
Duke of Brabant and Limbourg, Holland, from 1515 ti 1555;
King of Naples from 1516 to 1554;
King of Castille, Aragon, Spain, and Sicily from1516 to 1556 as Carlos I;
Archduke of Austria, Duke of Carinthia, Carniola and Styria from 1519 to 1522;
Count of Tyrol and Landgrave of Haute-Alsace from 1519 to 1522;
King of Germany from 1519 to 1556;
Emperor from 1519 to 1556;
Count of Bourgogne and Charolais from 1530 to 1556;

He abdicated all his jobs in 1556.

Isabella of Portugal; * 24/10 1503; m 10/03 1526; † 01/05 1539; d Manuel I (Port. 015-3);
children :
1.   Philip II of Spain; * 21/05 1527, † 13/09 1598;
     m Mary of England;
2.   Mary of Spain, * 21/06 1528; † 26/02 1603;
   m 13/09 1548 Maximilian II, * 31/07 1527; † 12/10 1576;
3.   Isabella of Spain, * 1529, † 1529;
4.   Ferdinand of Spain, * 1530, † 1530;
5.   Juana of Spain, * 24/06 1537;
   m(1) 1552, † 07/09 1573;
   m(2) Prince John of Portugal; * 1537; † 1554;
6.   Juan of Spain, * 1538, † 1538;
7.   Ferdinand, * 1539, † 1539;

Born outside wedlock by:
Johanna van der Gheenst :
8.   Margaret of Parma = Margaret of Austria, * 1521/1522, † 18/01 1586;
   Governor general of the Netherlands 1559-1567;
   m(1) 1536 Alessandro de Medici, Duke of Florence, * 1510, † 1537;
   m(2) 1538 Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, * 1524; † 1586, duke from 1547,
     they got:
     a) Alessandro Farnese.

9.   John of Austria, * 24/02 1547, † 01/10 1578; mother unknown to me.
John was supreme commander of the fleet against the Turks at the Battle of Lepanto Sunday 07/10 1571;
400 1521-1564 Ferdinand I;
s(370-1) Philip of Spain; * 10/03 1503; † 25/07 1564; ‡ Prague;
Archduke of Austria from 1519;
King of Bohemia from 1526;
King of Hungary from 1526;
King of Germany from 1531; Holy Roman Emperor from 1556;

Anna Jagiello of Bohemia; * 23/07 1503; m 25/05 1521; † 27/01 1547;
The marriage united the Habsburger dynasty with Bohemia and Hungary;

children :
  1.   Elisabeth; * 09/07 1526; † 15/06 1545;
   m 05/05 1543 King Sigismund II of Poland; * 1520; † 07/07 1572;
  2.   Maximilian II (410); * 31/07 1527; † 12/10 1576;
  3.   Anna; * 07/07 1528; † 17/10 1590;
   m 04/07 1546 Duke Albert V of Bavaria; * 29/02 1528; † 24/10 1579;
  4.   Ferdinand (450); * 14/06 1529; † 24/01 1595;
  5.   Maria; * 15/05 1531; † 11/12 1581;
   m 18/07 1546 Duke William of Julich-Cleves-Berg; * 28/07 1516; † 05/01 1592;
  6.   Magdalena; * 14/08 1532; † 10/09 1590;
  7.   Katharina; * 15/09 1533; † 28/02 15712;
   m(1) 27/10 1549 Duke Francesco III Gonzaga of Mantua; * 10/03 1533; † 22/02 1550;
   m(2) 31/07 1553 King Sigmund II of Poland; * 1520; † 07/07 1572;
  8.   Eleonora; * 02/11 1534; † 05/08 1594;
   m 26/04 1561 Duke William Gonzaga of Mantua; * 24/04 1538; † 14/08 1587;
  9.   Margareta; * 16/02 1536; † 12/03 1567;
10.   Johann; * 10/04 1538; † 20/03 1539;
11.   Barbara; * 30/04 1539; † 19/09 1572;
   m 05/12 1565 Duke Alfonso II of Ferrara; * 1533; † 27/10 1597;
12.   Karl = Charles (445); * 03/06 1546; † 10/07 1590;
13.   Ursula; * 24/07 1541; † 30/04 1543;
14.   Helene; * 07/01 1543; † 05/03 1574;
15.   Johanna; * 24/01 1547; † 10/04 1578;
   m 18/12 1565 Duke Francesco I de Medici; † 19/10 1587;

Østrig blev 1564 efter Ferdinand I's død delt imellem hans to sønner:
Maximilian II (410) og hans slægt fik Det Nedre og Øvre Østrig;
Ferdinand II (450) og hans slægt fik Tyrol og Det Ydre Østrig.

No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
410 1564-1576 Maximilian II;
s(400); * 31/07 1527; † 12/10 1576;
King of Germany from 24/11 1562;
King of Bohemia from 25/04 1548 or 1562 to 1576;
King of Hungary from 08/09 1563 to 1576;
Holy Roman Emperor from 25/07 1564;

Maria of Spain, * 1528, m 1548, † 1603; dCharles I of Spain;
children :
Nos. 1, 2, 4-15 are all archdukes or -duchesses of Austria:
  1.   Anna, * 02/11 1549, † 26/10 1580;
   m 1570 Philip II of Spain; + (Germ. 147)
  2.   Ferdinand, * 25/03 or 28/03 1551, † 25/06 1551 or 1552;
  3.   Rudolf II (420), (Germ. 050); * 18/07 1552, † 20/01 1612;
  4.   Ernest, * 15/06 1553, † 20/02 1595;
  5.   Elisabeth, * 05/06 1554; † 22/01 1592;
   m 1570 Charles IX, King of France; * 27/06 1550; † 30/05 1574;
  6.   Maria, * 27/07 1555, † 25/06 1555 or 1556;
  7.   Matthias (430), (Germ. 051); * 24/02 1557, m 1611, † 20/03 1619;
  7a.   Un-named, * 20/10 1557;
  8.   Maximilian (460), * 12/10 1558, † 02/11 1618;
  9.   Cardinal Albert (440), * 13/11 or 15/11 1559,
     m 1599, † 13/07 1621; Archbishop of Toledo; m Isabella, 1566-1633;
10.   Wenzel, * 09/03 1561, † 22/09 1578;
11.   Friedrich, * 21/06 1562, † 1562 or 16/01 1563;
12.   Maria = Marie, * 19/02 1564, † 26/03 1564;
13.   Karl, * 26/09 1565, † 1565 or 23/05 1566;
14.   Margaretha, * 25/01 1567, † 05/07 1633;
15.   Eleonora, * 04/11 1568, † 12/03 1580;
420 1576-1608 Rudolf V;
s(410); * 18/07 1552; † 20/01 1612 New Style; ‡ Prague;
King of Germany from 27/10 1575;
Holy Roman Emperor from 12/10 1576 as Rudolf II;
Crowned King of Hungary 25/09 1572 as Rudolf I;
King of Bohemia 22/09 1575 as Rudolf II;
Archduke of Austria from 1576 as Rudolf V;
no legitimate children, but at least six illegitimate by at least two different mothers;
mentally unstable;
430 1608-1619 Matthias;
s(410); * 24/02 1557; † 20/03 1619;
Holy Roman Emperor from 13/06 1612;
Archduke of Austria from 1608;
King of Hungary 26/06 1608 as Matthias II;
King of Bohemia from 23/05 1611;

Anna of Tyrol, Archduchess of Austria;, * 04/10 1585, m 04/12 1611, † 14/12 1618;
no legitimate children ;
440 1619 Albrecht VII = Albert VII;
s(410); * 15/11 1559; † 13/07 1621;
Archbishop of Toledo, Cardinal from 1577;
Primate of Spain from 1584;
Regent of Portugal from 1584 to 1596;
Regent of the Netherlands from 1596 to 1609;
Archduke of Austria 1619. He abdicated 09/10 1619;

Isabella of Spain; * 12/08 1566; m 18/04 1599; † 01/12 1633;
children :
1.   Philip; * 21/10 1605; † young;
2.   Albrecht; * 27/01 1607; † young;
3.   Anna Mauritia; † young;

445 - Karl von Steuer = Charles of Styria;
s(400); * 03/06 1546; † 10/07 1590;

Anna of Bavaria; * 21/03 1551; m 26/08 1571; † 29/04 1608; d Albrecht V der Grossmütige;
children :
  1.   Ferdinand, * 15/07 1572, † 03/08 1572;
  2.   Anna; * 16/08 1573; † 10/02 1598;
   m 31/05 1592 King Sigmund III of Poland; * 20/06 1566; † 19/04 1632;
  3.   Maria Christina, * 10/11 1574, † 06/04 1621;
   m 1595 Sigismund II Bathory; * 1572; † 1613;
  4.   Catherina = Katharina Renata, * 04/01 1576 or 13/03 1577, † 29/06 1595;
  5.   Elisabeth, * 13/03 1577, † 29/01 1586;
  6.   Ferdinand II, (446); * 06/07 1578; † 15/02 1637;
  7.   Karl, * 17/7 1579, † 17/05 1580;
  8.   Georgiana = Gregoria Maximiliana, * 22/03 1581; † 20/09 1597;
  9.   Eleonora, * 25/09 1582, † 28/01 1620;
10.   Maximilian Ernst, * 17/11 1583, † 18/02 1616;
11.   Margaretha, * 25/12 1584, † 03/10 1611;
   m 1599 King Philip III of Spain; * 1578; † 1621 (248);
12.   Leopold V of Tyrol (480), * 08/10 1586, † 13/09 1632;
13.   Constantia = Konstanze, * 24/12 1588, † 10/07 1631;
   m 1605 King Sigismund III of Poland;
14.   Magdalena = Maria Maddalena, * 07/10 1589; † 01/11 1631;
      m 1608 Duke Cosimo II of Tuscany; * 1590; † 1621;
15.   Karl Josef, * 07/08 1590, † 28/12 1624; Bishop of Breslau and Brixen;
   Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from 1618 or 1619;
Rudolf (420), Matthias (430) og Albrecht (440) havde ingen arvinger,
og deres område gik derfor fra 1619 tilbage til arvingerne efter Ferdinand I's anden søn Ferdinand II.
Ferdinand II's arvepart var Tyrol og Det Ydre Østrig og regeringen begyndte 1564 med:

No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
450 1564-1595 Ferdinand II;
s(400); * 14/06 1529; † 24/01 1595;
Archduke of Tyrol from 1564;
Regent in Bohemia from 1547 to 1567;

Philippine Welser; * 1527; m(1) 1576; † 13/04 1580;
children :
1.   Andreas; * 15/06 1558; † 12/11 1600;
   Margrave of Burgau, Cardinal from 1576; Regent of the Netherlands from 1598;
2.   Karl; * 22/11 1560; † 31/10 1618 or 12/11 1627;
   Prince of Burgau;
3.   Philipp; * 07/08 1562; † 09/01 1563;
4.   Maria; * 07/08 1562; † 25/01 1563;

Anna Catherina Gonzaga; * 17/01 1566; m(2) 14/05 1582; † 03/08 1621;
children :
5.   Martha; † young;
6.   Anna Eleonora; * 26/06 1583; † 15/01 1584;
7.   Maria; * 16/06 1584; † 02/03 1649;
8.   Anna; * 04/10 1585; † 14/12 1618;
   m 04/12 1611 Emperor Matthias (430); * 24/02 1557; † 20/03 1619;

Ferdinand II (450) fik ingen mandlige legitime arvinger.
Hans første ægteskab blev ikke anerkendt, og børnene kunne ikke arve.
Hans område gik derfor tilbage til hans broder Maximilian (410) og hans arvinger.
Det blev i 1595 begyndt med:


No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
446 1590-
1619-1637
Ferdinand III;
s(445); * 07/09 1578; † 15/02 1637;
Count of Tyrol from 1590 to 1625;
Archduke of Styria from1590;
Holy Roman Emperor from 1619;
King of Bohemia from 1619 and after a spell from 1620;
King of Hungary from 1619;

Maria Anna of bavaria; * 08/12 1574; m(1) 23/04 1600; † 08/03 1616;
children :
1.   Christine; * 25/05 1601; † 21/06 1601;
2.   Karl; * 25/05 1603; † 25/05 1603;
3.   Johann Karl; * 01/11 1605; † 26/12 1619;
4.   Ferdinand III(470); * 13/07 1608; † 02/04 1657;
5.   Maria Anna; * 13/01 1610; † 25/09 1665;
   m 15/07 1635 Maximilian I of Bavaria; *17/04 1573; † 22/09 1651;
6.   Cecilia Renata; * 16/07 1611; † 24/03 1644;
   m 09/08 1637 King Wladislav IV of Poland; *1595; † 19/05 1648;
7.   Leopold Wilhelm; * 06/01 1614; † 20/11 1662;
   Viceroy in Spanish Netherlands from 1647 to 1656;

Eleonora Gonzaga; 23/09 1598; m(2) 04/02 1622; † 27/06 1655;
no children ;
460 1608-1619 Maximilian III;
Maximilian the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights 1590-1618;
s(410); * 12/10 1558; † 02/11 1618) Archduke of Further Austria from 1612;
Regent of Styria from 1593 to 1595;
470 1637-1657 Ferdinand IV;
s(446); * 13/07 1608; † 02/04 1657;
Holy Roman Emperor as Ferdinand III from 15/02 1637;
Archduke of Lower and Inner Austria from 1637;
King of Hungary from 08/12 1625;
King of Bohemia from 27/11 1627;
King of Germany from 22/12 1636;

Maria Anna; cousin to husband; * 18/08 1606; m(1) 20/02 1631; † 13/05 1646; d King of Hungary;
children :
  1.   Ferdinand IV of Hungary; * 08/09 1633; † 09/07 1654;
   Holy Roman Emperor from 1653;
  2.   Mariana = Maria Anna; * 22/12 or 24/12 1634; † 16/05 1696;
   m 07/10 or 08/11 1649 King Philip IV of Spain, * 08/04 1605; † 17/09 1665; He was her uncle through mother;
  3.   Philipp August, Archduke of Austria; * 15/07 1637, † 22/06 1637 or 1639;
  4.   Maximilian Thomas, Archduke of Austria; * 21/12 1638, † 29/06 1639;
  5.   Leopold I (510); * 06 or 09/06 1640, † 05/05 1705;
  6.   Maria; * 13/05 1646; † 13/05 1646;

Marie Leopoldine, Archduchess of Austria; * 1632; m(2) 02/07 1648, they were cousins through fathers; † 07/08 1649;
d Archduke Leopold V of Austria;
child :
  7.   Karl Joseph; Archduke of Austria and Bishop of Olmütz and Breslau; * 07/08 1649; † 27/01 1664;
   He was Grand Master of Teutonic Knights from 1662;

Eleonora Gonzaga; * 18/11 1630; m(3) 30/04 1651; † 06/12 1686; d Duke Charles IV Gonzaga of Rethel;
children :
  8.   Theresia Maria Josefa; * 27/03 1652; † 26/07 1653;
  9.   Eleonore Maria Josefa; * 21/05 1653; † 17/12 1697;
   m(1) 27/02 1670 King Michal Korybut Wisniowiecki of Poland; * 18/06 1640; † 10/11 1673;
   m(2) 06/02 1678 Duke Charles V of Lorraine; * 1643; † 18/04 1690;
10.   Maria Anna Josefa; * 20/12 or 30/12 1654; † 04/04 1689;
   m 25/10 1678 Pfalzgraf Johann Wilhelm of Neuburg; * 1658; † 08/06 1716;
11.   Ferdinand Josef Alois; * 11/02 1657; † 16/06 1658;
480 1623-1632 Leopold XI;

s(445); * 08/10 1586, † 13/09 1632;
Archduke of Further Austria from 1623;

Claudia de Medici; * 1604; m 1626 (her 2nd m.); † 1648;
Her m(1) was to Federico Ubaldo of Urbino (Urb. 210-1) * 1605-05-16; † 1623-06-28;
children :
1.    Maria Eleonora; * 12/02 1627; † 06/08 1629;
2.   Ferdinand Karl (490); * 17/05 1628;† 30/12 1662;
3.    Isabella Klara; * 12/08 1629; † 24/02 1685;
   m 07/11 1649 Duke Carlo III Gonzaga of Mantova; * 31/10 1629; † 14/08 1665;
4.   Sigismund Franz (500); * 27/11 1630; † 25/06 1665;
5.   Marie Leopoldina; * 06/04 1632; † 07/07 1649;
   m 02/08 1648 Emperor Ferdinand III; * 13/07 1608; † 02/04 1657;
490 1632-1662 Ferdinand Charles = Ferdinand Karl;
s(480); * 17/05 1628;† 30/12 1662;
Archduke of Further Austria and Tyrol from 1632;

Anna de Medici; * 21/07 1616; m 10/06 1646; † 11/009 1676;
children :
1.   Klaudia Felizitas; * 30/05 1653; † 08/04 1676;
   m 15/10 1673 Emperor Leopold I; * 09/06 1640; † 05/05 1705;
2.   Maria Magdalena; * 17/08 1656; † 21/01 1669;
500 1662-1665 Sigismund Francis;
s(480); * 27/11 1630; † 25/06 1665;
Bishop of Augsburg;
Archduke of Further Austria and Tyrol from 1662;

Hedwig Auguste of Salzbach; * 225/04 1650; m 13/06 1665; † 23/11 1681;
no children ;

Østrig blev i 1665 endeligt forenet til et rige


510 1657-
1665-1705
Leopold XII = Leopold VI;
s(470); * 06 or 09/06 1640, † 05/05 1705;
Archduke of Austria from 1657 and for the united duchy from 1665 as Leopold XII;
King of Bohemia, Hungary, Germany;
Holy Roman Emperor from 1658 as Leopold I;
Etc.

Margareta Maria Theresa; * 12/07 1651, m(1) 05/12 1666, † 12/03 1673;
children :
1.   Ferdinand Wenzel, * 28/09 1667, † 13/01 1668;
2.   Maria Antonia, * 18/01 1669, † 24/12 1692;
   m 1685 Elector of Bavaria Max Emanuel II; * 1662; † 1726;
3.   Johann Leopold, * 20/02 1670, † 20/02 1670;
4.   Maria Anna, * 09/02 1672, † 23/02 1672;

Claudia Felicitas of Tyrol = Archduchess Klaudia Felizitas of Austria; * 30/05 1653, m(2) 15/10 1673, † 08/04 1676;
children :
5.   Anna Maria, * 11/09 1674, † 21/12 1674;
6.   Maria Josefa, * 11/10 1675, † 11/07 1676;

Eleonora Magdalena of Pfalz Neuberg; * 06/01 1655, m(3) 14/12 1676, † 19/01 1720;
children :
  7.   Joseph I (520); * 26/07 1678, m 1699, † 17/04 1711;
  8.   Christina, * 18/06 1679, † 18/06 1679;
  9.   Maria Elisabeth, * 13/12 1680, † 26/08 1741;
10.   Leopold Joseph, * 02/06 1682, † 03/08 1684;
11.   Maria Anna, * 07/09 1683, † 14/08 1754;
   m 1708 King John V of Portugal; * 1706; † 1750;
12.   Maria Theresa, * 22/08 1684, † 28/09 1696;
13.   Charles VI (530); * 01/10 1685, † 20/10 1740;
      m 1708 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel; * 1691; † 1750;
14.   Maria Josefa, * 16/03 1687, † 14/04 1703;
15.   Maria Magdalena, * 26/03 1689, † 01/05 1743;
16.   Maria Margaretha, * 22/07 1690, † 22/04 1691;
520 1705-1711 Joseph I;

s(510); * 26/07 1678; † 17/04 1711, died of smallpox;
Archduke of Austria from 1705;
King of Hungary from 09/12 1687 as Jozsef I;
Crowned 09/12 1687;
King of Bohemia from 05/05 1705;
Roman King from 24/01 1690;
Emperor from 05/05 1705;

Wilhelmina Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg; * 26/04 1673, m 24/02 1699, † 10/04 1742;
children :
1.   Maria Josepha, * 08/12 1699, † 17/11 1757;
     m 20/08 1718 or 1719 King Frederick Augustus of Poland, Elector of Saxony; * 17/10 1696; † 05/10 1763;
2.   Leopold Joseph, * 29/10 1700, † 04/08 1701;
3.   Maria Amalia, * 22/10 1701, † 11/12 1758;
   m 05/100 1722 Elector Charles VII of Bavaria, (Bavaria 940) + (Germ.057); * 06/08 1697; † 20/01 1745;
530 1711-1740 Charles III = Karl III;
s(510); * 01/10 1685; † 20/10 1740;
Holy Roman Emperor and King of Germany from 12/10 1711;
King of Hungary from 22/5 1712 to 1740 as Karoly III;
King of Bohemia from 17/04 1711 to 1740;
King of Croatia & Slavonia from 1711 to 1740;
King of Sardinia from 1713 to 1720;
King of Sicily from 1713 to 1714;
King of Naples from 1713-1735;
Archduke of Austria from 1711 to 1740;
Duke of Guastalla from 1735 to 1740;
Duke of Parma from 1735 to 1740;
Count of Barcelona from 1705 to 1714; the last count;

Elisabeth-Christine; * 28/08 1691, m 23/04 1708, † 21/12 1750; d Duke Louis Rudolph of Braunschweig-Lüneburg;
children :
1.   Leopold John, * 12/04 or 13/04 1716, † 04/11 or 14/11 1716;
2.   Maria Theresa, * 13/05 1717, † 29/11 1780;
   m Francis I Stephen (550);
3.   Maria Anna, * 14/09 1718, † 16/12 1744;
     m 1744 Charles Alexander of Lorraine; * 12/12 1712; † 04/07 1780;
4.   Maria Amalia, * 05/04 1724, † 04/07 1730;
540 1740-1780 Maria Theresa;
d(530); * 13/05 1717, m 12/02 1736, † 29/11 1780;
Archduchess of Austria from 1740; Ruled together with husband, Francis I Stephen (550), to 1765;
Ruled together with son (560) to 1780;
For family see husband (550);
550 1740-1765 Francis I Stephen;
s Duke Leopold of Lorraine (1679-1729); * 08/12 1708; † 18/08 1765;
Archduke of Austria from 1740, ruled together with wife, Maria Theresa (540);
Holy Roman Emperor 13/09 1745;
Duke of Lorraine from 1729 to 1736 as Franz III Stephan;
Duke of Tuscany from 1737;

Maria Theresa (540), Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; * 13/05 1717, m 12/02 1736, † 29/11 1780;
children :
  1.   Marie Elisabeth, * 05/02 1737, † 07/06 1740;
  2.   Marie Anna, * 06/10 1738, † 12/01 1789;
  3.   Marie Karoline, * 12/01 1740, † 25/01 1741;
  4.   Joseph II, (560), * 13/03 1741, † 20/02 1790;
  5.   Marie Christine, * 13/05 1742, † 24/06 1798;
   m 1766 Duke Albert of Teschen; * 1738; † 1822;
  6.   Marie Elisabeth, * 13/08 1743, † 22/09 1808;
  7.   Karl Joseph, *01/02 1745, † 18/01 1761;
  8.   Marie Amalia, * 26/02 1746, † 18/06 1804;
   m 1769 Duke Ferdinando of Parma; * 1751; † 1802;
  9.   Leopold II, (570), * 05/05 1747, † 01/03 1792;
10.   Karoline, * 17/09 1748, † 17/09 1748;
11.   Johanna, * 04/02 1750, † 23/12 1762;
12.   Josepha, * 19/03 1751, † 15/10 1767;
13.   Karia Karoline, * 13/08 1752, † 08/09 1814;
   m 1768 Ferdinand de Bourbon of Spain; * 1751; † 1825;
14.   Ferdinand, * 01/06 1754, † 24/12 1806;
   m 1771 Maria Beatrice d'Este; * 1750; † 1829;
15.   Marie Antoinette, * 02/11 1755, † 16/10 1793;
   m 1770 Louis XVI of France; * 1754; † 1793;
16.   Maximilian, * 08/12 1762, † 27/06 1801;
560 1765-1790 Joseph II;
s(540 + 550); * 13/03 1741; † 20/02 1790;
With the death of Maria Theresa, the direct Habsburger line becam extinct,
and Joseph II ruled as first member of the Habsburg-Lorraine line.


Archduke of Austria from 1765 together with mother Maria Theresa (540);
From 1780 ruled Austria alone;
Roman King from 27/03 1764;
Holy Roman Emperor from 18/08 1765;
King of Hungary and Bohemia 29/11 1780;

Isabella of Parma, * 1741, m(1) 1760, † 1763;
children :
1.   Maria Theresa, * 20/03 1762, † 23/01 1770;
2.   Marie Christine, * 22/11 1763, † 22/11 1763;

Maria Josefa of Bavaria, * 1739, m(2) 1765, † 1767;
no children;
570 1790-1792 Leopold XIII;
s(540 + 550); * 05/05 1747; † 01/03 1792;
Archduke of Austria from 1790;
Holy Roman Emperor as Leopold II from 20/02 or 30/9 1790 to 1792; abdicated;
Grand Duke or Duke of Tuscany from 18/08 1765-1790 - See the Medici chronology;
King of Bohemia from 1790 to 1792;
King of Hungary from 1790 to 1792 as Lipot;

Maria Luisa de Bourbon, * 24/11 1745, m 05/08 1765, † 15/05 1792; d Charles III of Spain;
children :
  1.   Maria Theresa, * 14/01 1767, † 07/11 1827;
   m 1787 King Anton I of Saxony, 1755-1836;
  2.   Francis II, (580)* 12/02 1768, † 02/03 1835;
  3.   Ferdinand III, * 06/05 1769, † 18/06 1824;
     Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1790-1802;
     m(1) 1790 Luisa of Naples and Sicily (Nap. N38-2), 1773-1802;
     m(2) 1821 Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony; * 1796; † 1865;
  4.   Marie Anna, * 21/04 1770, † 01/10 1809;
  5.   Charles; * 05/09 1771, † 30/04 1847;
     Duke of Teschen inherited from uncle by marriage;
     m 1815 Henriette Nassau-Weilburg; * 1797; †1815;
  6.   Alexander Leopold, * 14/08 1772, † 02/07 1795; Palatine of Hungary;
  7.   Albrecht Johann, * 19/12 1773, † 22/07 1774;
  8.   Maximilian, * 23/12 1774, † 09/03 1778;
  9.   Joseph, * 09/03 1776, † 13/01 1847; Palatine of Hungary;
     m(1) 1799 Duchess Aleaxandra Pavlovna of Russia; * 1783; † 1801;
     m(2) 1815 Hermine of Anhalt; * 1797; † 1817;
     m(3) 1819 Maria Dorothea of Württenburg; * 1797; † 1855;
10.   Marie Klementine, * 24/04 1777, † 15/11 1801;
     m 1797 King Francesco I of the Two Sicilies (Nap N41); * 1777; † 1830;
11.   Anton, * 31/08 1779, † 02/04 1835;
12.   Maria Amalia, * 15/10 1780, † 25/12 1798;
13.   John, * 11/05 1782, † 11/05 1859; Prince of the People;
   m 1827 Anna Plöchl; * 1804; † 1885;
14.   Rainer, * 30/09 1783, † 16/01 1853; Viceroy of Lombardy;
     m 1820 Maria Francesca of Savoy-Carignan; * 1800; † 1856;
15.   Ludwig, * 13/12 1784, † 21/12 1784;
16.   Rudolf, * 08/01 1788, † 23/07 1831;
580 1792-1804 Francis II;
s(570); * 12/02 1768; † 02/03 1835;
Holy Roman Emperor 05/07 1792; Abdicated 06/08 1806 and dissolved the Empire;
Archduke of Austria as Francis II from 1792 to 11/08 1804;
Emperor of Austria as Francis I from 11/08 1804;
King of Bohemia from 1792 as Frantisek;
King of Hungary from 1792 as Ferenc;

Elisabeth of Württemburg, * 1767, m(1) 1788, † 1790;
child :
1.   Ludovika Elisabeth, * 18/02 1790, † 24/06 1791;

Maria Theresa of Naples, * 1772, m(2) 1790, † 1807; d Ferdinand I (Nap. N38-1);
children :
  2.   Marie Louise, * 12/12 1791, † 17/12 1847;
   m(1) 1810 Napoleon Bonaparte; * 1769; † 1821;
   m(2) 1821 Graf Adam von Neipperg; * 1775; † 1829;
   m(3) 1834 Count Charles de Bombelles; * 1785; † 1856;
  3.   Ferdinand I, (590); * 19/04 1793, † 29/06 1875;
  4.   Marie Caroline, * 08/06 1794, † 16/03 1795;
  5.   Caroline, * 04/12 1795, † 16/03 1799;
  6.   Marie Leopoldine, * 22/01 1797, † 11/12 1826;
     m 1817 Emperor Pedro IV of Brazil; * 1798; † 1834;
  7.   Marie Clementine, * 01/03 1798, † 03/09 1881;
   m 1816 Prince Leopold of the Two Sicilies; * 02/07 1790; † 1851;
  8.   Joseph Franz, * 09/04 1799, † 30/06 1807;
  9.   Caroline, * 08/04 1801, † 22/05 1832;
   m 1819 King Friedrich August of Saxony; * 1797; † 1854;
10.   Franz Karl, * 07/12 1802, m 1824, † 08/03 1878;
   m Sophie of Bavaria; * 1805; † 1872;
11.   Marie Anne, * 08/06 1804, † 28/12 1858;
12.   Johann, * 30/08 1805, † 19/02 1809;
13.   Amalia Theresa, * 06/04 1807, † 09/04 1807;

Ludovica of Austria-Este, * 1787, m(3) 1808, † 1816;
no children;

Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, * 1792, m(4) 1816, † 1873;
no children;

The Austrian Habsburg-Lorraine Emperors from 1804 to 1918
The first was Francis II (above No. 580) becoming Emperor Francis I below:

No. Ruled King's or Duke's name and relations
Queen's or Duchess's name and relations
580 1804-1835 Francis I;
s(570); * 12/02 1768; † 02/03 1835;
Holy Roman Emperor 05/07 1792; Abdicated 06/08 1806 and dissolved the Empire;
Archduke of Austria as Francis II from 1792 to 11/08 1804;
Emperor of Austria as Francis I from 11/08 1804;
For family see above;
590 1835-1848 Ferdinand I;

s(580); * 19/04 1793, † 29/06 1875;
Emperor of Austria from 1835
Abdicated 02/12 1848;
King of Bohemia from 1835;
King of Hungary from 1835 as Ferdinand V;

Maria Anna of Savoy; * 19/09 1803, m 27/02 1831, † 04/05 1884;
no children ;
600 1848-1916 Francis Joseph I = Franz Joseph I;
sFranz Karl, Archduke of Austria (Germ.164-1);
* 18/08 1830; † 21/11 1916;

Elisabeth of Bavaria; * 24/12 1837; m 24/04 1854; † 10/09 1898;
children :
1.   Sophie; * 05/03 1855; † 29/05 1857;
2.   Gisela; * 12/07 1856; † 27/07 1932;
   m 1873 Prince Leopold of Bavaria; * 1846; † 1930;
3.   Rudolf; * 21/08 1858; † 30/01 1889; Crown Prince, committed suicide;
   m 1881 Stephanie of Belgium; * 1864; † 1945;
   they got:
     a) Elisabeth; * 1883; † 1963;
     m(1) Prince Otto zu Windischgrätz, 1873-1952; divorced 1902;
     m(2) 1948 Leopold Petzneck, 1881-1956;
4.   Marie Valerie; * 22/04 1868; † 06/09 1924;
   m 1890 Franz Salvator; * 1866; † 1939;
610 1916 Karl I Franz Josef Ludwig Hubert Georg Maria = Charles I;
s(Germ. 167-1) * 17/08 1887; † 01/03 1922;
Emperor of Austria from 1916 to 12/11 1918;
King of Hungary from 1916 to 1918 as Károly IV;

Zita de Bourbon-Parma; * 09/05 1892; m 21/10 1911; † 14/03 1989;
children :
1.   Otto; * 20/11 1912; † ?; Dr. Otto von Habsburg;
   m 1951 Regina von Saxe-Meiningen, * 1925;
2.   Adelheid; * 03/01 1914; † 02/10 1971;
3.   Robert of Austria-Este; * 08/02 1915; † 07/02 1996;
4.   Felix; * 31/05 1916; † 06/09 2011;
5.   Carl Ludwig; * 10/03 1918; † 11/12 2007;
6.   Rudolf of Austria; * 05/09 1919; † 15/05 2010;
7.   Charlotte of Austria; * 21/03 1921; † 23/07 1989;
8.   Elisabeth of Austria; * 31/05 1922; † 07/01 1993;




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